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China - Ningbo Water Management (GEF) Project : environmental assessment (English)

The Ningbo Water Management Project seeks to reduce land-based pollution along the Cixi coast and the East China Sea, promote the replication of innovative, low cost wastewater treatment techniques, and encourage coastal zone conservation. To this end, this environmental assessment examines the current conservation value of, and assesses the potential conservation opportunities for wetlands on the southern coast of the Hangzhou Bay, focusing on the western part of the designated study area. The expansion of human population has led to strong demand for space in the area, formerly consisting of extensive mud flats and coastal wetlands, and consistently reclaimed for over thousands of years. This reclamation has been hugely successful in providing productive land for agriculture, and excellent conditions for industry. However, it had its cost - causing the disappearance of tidal flats, with extensive loss of coastal marine habitats, and species. The predominant vegetation consists of emergent plants and scrub vegetation, delivering mainly cash crops, such as cotton. The study proposes the establishment of an environmental education and research center, and a separate Field Laboratory as an integrated plan, and provides as well indicative designs on the proposed conservation areas, with careful attention to the interactions between wildlife and human behavior to minimize disturbance, while optimizing experiences. The report suggests two alternatives for designation of the wetland area, and a concept design of the proposed environmental education and research center, to be closely linked to maximize conservation, and enhance wildlife value, intended to influence coastal land use policies and practices.

Details

  • Author

    South China Institute of Environmental Sciences,, Wetlands International / EDAW

  • Document Date

    2006/03/01

  • Document Type

    Environmental Assessment

  • Report Number

    E1302

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    3

  • Country

    China,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2006/02/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    China - Ningbo Water Management (GEF) Project : environmental assessment

  • Keywords

    conservation area;aquaculture pond;salt marsh;data collection and analysis;land and water management;research centre;land use;target species;natural wetland;water level;buffer area;open water;number of visitors;total suspended solid;diversity of habitat;water surface elevation;amount of water;agriculture and forestry;wild migratory bird;convention on wetland;diversity of birds;source of food;killing of birds;point of departure;area of forest;habitat for bird;species of bird;project preparation grant;long term research;adequate financial resources;erosion control measures;coastal land use;upland buffer areas;high sediment load;open water area;freshwater marsh;marine organism;hydrologic change;water flow;wetland conservation;wetland area;wetland system;wildlife value;conservation zone;shallow water;guided tour;visitor center;study area;involuntary resettlement;saltwater marsh;storm event;natural habitat;gravity flow;flow rate;natural tidal;canal water;Visitor Access;water pollution;rare species;aquaculture activity;bird species;local farmer;sediment transportation;aquaculture production;wetland habitat;coastal engineering;bird sighting;marine habitat;water pump;monitoring plan;treated water;boat trip;annual monitoring;residential development;Natural Resources;water treatment;harvest operation;high tide;ecological engineer;total phosphate;environmental service;plant species;saltwater wetland;benthic organism;ecological areas;coastal wetland;protected area;access road;seasonal wetlands;wild bird;conservation value;valuable knowledge;migratory shorebirds;habitat value;planning authority;mechanical pump;domestic poultry;restored area;nitrate removal;natural community;avian disease;water table;food source;restoration actions;indigenous plant;hydrologic conditions;ecological impact;pond water;ecological succession;bank stabilization;energy reduction;agenda 21;managing wetlands;natural growth;brackish water;vegetation cover;assimilative capacity;ecological significance;aquaculture operation;domestic bird;eurasian curlew;spotted redshank;common greenshank;pumping station;nature tours;salt water;local wildlife;fish stock;migratory season;Green Industries;heavy metal;wetland vegetation;food plants;restoration process;hydrologic data;groundwater table;water clarity;habitat preferences;mongolian plover;bird migration;fishery activity;maintenance workers;coastal restoration;restoration methods;upland habitats;bird watching;human beings;restoration ecology;natural environment;water bird;international recommendation;flow measurement;wetland types;habitat improvement;community involvement;black-tailed godwit;migration period;vulnerable species;healthy environment;stable population;wildlife species;school child;site survey;food resource;common teal;aquaculture technique;artificial barrier;estuarine habitat;land form;harvest activity;estuarine environment;healthy ecosystem;navigation channel;vehicular traffic;bird observation;native species;wetland resource;traditional fishing;ranger station;cultural resource;wildlife observation;paved road;attractive habitats;aide memoire;cultural awareness;emergent plants;scrub vegetation;cash crop;marine area;shrimp aquaculture;farming practice;wetland species;upland area;bird population;small trees;local traffic;branch road;high concentration;education center;active recreation;wastewater treatment;ecosystem productivity;treated wastewater;sustainable aquaculture;field experiment;treatment capacity;small area;riparian shrub;small pond;regulating water;parking area;local law;strategic location;awareness campaign;public awareness;local fishing;Job Creation;local economy;environmental preservation;collected information;baseline study;future use;long-term management;native birds;benthic communities;public education;freshwater wetland;estuarine ecosystem;marine resource;regional location;fish pond;freshwater habitat;landscape design;skill set;research facility;marsh areas;environmental degradation;River basin

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Citation

South China Institute of Environmental Sciences, Wetlands International / EDAW

China - Ningbo Water Management (GEF) Project : environmental assessment (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/465331468212992735/China-Ningbo-Water-Management-GEF-Project-environmental-assessment