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China - Ningbo Water Management (GEF) Project : environmental assessment (English)

The Ningbo Water Management Project seeks to reduce land-based pollution along the Cixi coast and the East China Sea, promote the replication of innovative, low cost wastewater treatment techniques, and encourage coastal zone conservation. To this end, this environmental assessment examines the current conservation value of, and assesses the potential conservation opportunities for wetlands on the southern coast of the Hangzhou Bay, focusing on the western part of the designated study area. The expansion of human population has led to strong demand for space in the area, formerly consisting of extensive mud flats and coastal wetlands, and consistently reclaimed for over thousands of years. This reclamation has been hugely successful in providing productive land for agriculture, and excellent conditions for industry. However, it had its cost - causing the disappearance of tidal flats, with extensive loss of coastal marine habitats, and species. The predominant vegetation consists of emergent plants and scrub vegetation, delivering mainly cash crops, such as cotton. The study proposes the establishment of an environmental education and research center, and a separate Field Laboratory as an integrated plan, and provides as well indicative designs on the proposed conservation areas, with careful attention to the interactions between wildlife and human behavior to minimize disturbance, while optimizing experiences. The report suggests two alternatives for designation of the wetland area, and a concept design of the proposed environmental education and research center, to be closely linked to maximize conservation, and enhance wildlife value, intended to influence coastal land use policies and practices.


  • Author

    South China Institute of Environmental Sciences,, Wetlands International / EDAW

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  • Document Type

    Environmental Assessment

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  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

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    China - Ningbo Water Management (GEF) Project : environmental assessment

  • Keywords

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South China Institute of Environmental Sciences, Wetlands International / EDAW

China - Ningbo Water Management (GEF) Project : environmental assessment (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.