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Longer-term economic impacts of self-help groups in india (English)

Despite the popularity and unique nature of women's self-help groups in India, evidence of their economic impacts is scant. Based on two rounds of a 2,400 household panel, the authors use double differences, propensity score matching, and pipeline comparison to assess economic impacts of longer (2.5-3 years) exposure of a program that promoted and strengthened self-help programs in Andhra Pradesh in India. The analysis finds that longer program exposure has positive impacts on consumption, nutritional intake, and asset accumulation. Investigating heterogeneity of the impacts suggests that even the poorest households were able to benefit from the program. Furthermore, overall benefits would exceed program cost by a significant margin even under conservative assumptions.


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    Deininger, Klaus Liu, Yanyan

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    Policy Research Working Paper

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    South Asia,

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    Longer-term economic impacts of self-help groups in india

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    access to bank loan;propensity score matching method;National Bank for Agriculture;nutritional intake;asset accumulation;average treatment effect;public distribution system;economies of scale;per capita consumption;poor household;household fixed effect;access to food;consumption per capita;net present value;increase in consumption;availability of data;type 2 error;cumulative distribution function;standard normal distribution;high quality food;job training program;school going child;nature of women;source of revenue;vulnerability to drought;source income;credit from banks;community investment fund;per capita term;diversification of risks;source of income;development research group;level of consumption;local government institution;terms of consumption;protein intake;program impact;energy intake;poverty status;internal loan;estimate impact;household level;children of ages;social empowerment;household demographics;descriptive statistic;Land Ownership;positive impact;consumption smoothing;initial wealth;participation rate;household characteristic;household size;female empowerment;median length;agricultural production;social capital;commercial bank;equity capital;conservative assumption;self-help group;social mobilization;adult equivalent;marketing activity;differential impact;capital endowment;project costing;program participation;middle class;program effect;credit access;random selection;female head;estimation result;empirical application;total sample;cross-border spillovers;resource transfer;explanatory variable;female headship;government failure;private hospitals;seed capital;quantitative assessment;external support;statistical significance;high probability;standard error;0 hypothesis;Public Services;test result;consumption benefits;discount factor;account balance;employment program;credit program;standard deviation;adult equivalence;average household;individual activity;information base;beneficiary household;Private School;consumption increase;complementary asset;regression results;small sample;large loans;insurance program;social issue;credit funds;census indicators;female person;household sample;census data;protein content;meeting attendance;risk coping;livelihood diversification;entrepreneurial activity;entrepreneurial behavior;social exclusion;credit availability;village assembly;community organizer;nutritional requirement;asset value;financial asset;survey instrument;total consumption;credit line;livestock asset;consumer durable;bulk purchase;decentralized governance;village organizations;external loan;repayment period;internal saving;accumulated saving;daily wage;economic empowerment;innovative way;future research;empirical estimate;local development;financial system;peer monitoring;Credit History;formal sector;regular meetings;financial resource;Rural Credit;social status;adult male;rural area;Disability Program;food credit;access market;program coverage;loan size;nutritional impact;adult female;direct participant;poverty ranking;higher consumption;saving program;wealth group;poverty category;



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Deininger, Klaus Liu, Yanyan

Longer-term economic impacts of self-help groups in india (English). Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 4886 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.