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Land Readjustment in Japan : Case Study (English)

The origin of Land Readjustment (LR) in Japan dates back more than 100 years. The modern land management system and agricultural land consolidation (ALC) were established in the late 19th century. The urban planning law established in 1919 was incorporated with provisions of LR, establishing the legal basis of LR. In the period including rapid economic growth during the 1950s to 1990s, large-scale LR projects had been implemented in the major metropolitan areas. Through the experiences of a large number of LR projects, the LR system improved in terms of the approval process, land replotting techniques, and financing; this contributed to quicker and smoother implementation. LR is one of the popular urban development methods in Japan. It has been used for various development purposes around the whole country. The development purposes include not only residential area development in peri-urban areas, but also urban renewal in urbanized areas, and post-disaster reconstruction and integrated urban development with urban transport facilities. To date, LR has created and redeveloped urban areas with a total area of approximately 3,700 km, occupying 30 percent of the total urban area in the whole country. LR realizes reorganization of fragmented land parcels and supports development of public facilities through land contribution.

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Citation

Arai,Yuko Sakaki,Shigeyuki Chen,Mansha

Land Readjustment in Japan : Case Study (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/481571569562840686/Land-Readjustment-in-Japan-Case-Study