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Kakuma as a Marketplace : A Consumer and Market Study of a Refugee Camp and Town in Northwest Kenya (English)

In a remote area of northwest Kenya lies a sprawling mass of tents and shelters made of mud brick and cement blocks. It is Kakuma camp, one of the largest and longest-standing refugee camps in the world, which was established in 1992 for refugees fleeing conflict in Sudan. Set on the border of the town of Kakuma, home to Kenya’s Turkana people, Kakuma camp is a melting pot of more than 160,000 refugees and displaced people from South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Sudan. The aim of this study is to better understand Kakuma as a potential market and identify business opportunities and challenges for the private sector. The study identified three types of players that might benefit from its findings namely, commercial firms (banks, microfinance institutions, telecommunications companies, and small and medium enterprises from other sectors), social enterprises (companies that look to attain and maximize financial, social, and environmental impacts) and local entrepreneurs (from the refugee and host communities). By collecting empirical data on revenues, consumption patterns, consumer preferences, and financial transactions in the refugee camp and neighboring town, the study addresses the lack of market information that is necessary for the identified private sector players to start or scale up their operations in the Kakuma area.

Details

  • Document Date

    2018/04/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    125918

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Kenya,

  • Region

    Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2020/10/23

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Kakuma as a Marketplace : A Consumer and Market Study of a Refugee Camp and Town in Northwest Kenya

  • Keywords

    Fragility, Conflict, and Violence; Fragile and Conflict Situations; revenue-generating activities; small and medium enterprise; lower level of education; Cost of Doing Business; source of income; source income; annual household consumption; fruit and vegetable; country of origin; registered trademark; access to finance; scarcity of water; low financial literacy; private sector player; lack of space; household expenditure survey; limited liability company; property of ifc; integration of refugees; need of refugee; national health insurance; Gender and Education; private sector perspective; access to loan; million people; private sector engagement; family and friends; senior operations; average monthly income; level of consumption; cooking fuel; data on consumption; food on credit; types of good; refugee camp; employment status; Host Communities; regular income; livestock rearing; business ownership; retail business; Informal Economy; mobile banking; Political Economy; formal employment; mobile money; consumer good; consumer goods; field study; education level; consumer preference; Business Registration; market study; Market Studies; main road; household size; humanitarian assistance; diverse population; traditional occupations; household equipment; purchase price; poor road; human consumption; international boundary; livestock ownership; job market; high unemployment; Technical Training; car driver; vegetable oil; social enterprise; local entrepreneur; melting pot; job opportunities; job opportunity; new business; solar panel; initial investment; penetration rate; economic independence; refugee household; local economy; external market; minimum wage; business opportunity; low consumption; free service; prices increase; saving money; survey sample; meat price; total consumption; study estimate; bank fee; energy source; safe sanitation; informal settlement; investment advice; solar system; solar light; legal restriction; financial claim; woman entrepreneur; mobile service; commercial airport; mobile network; new market; money transfer; technical error; light source; network provider; average price; cultural preference; loan repayment; milk powder; sanitation types; Power Generation; education status; humanitarian agency; remote area; microfinance institution; mud brick; telecommunications company; cement block; general stores; other sectors; security guard; political boundary; global opportunities; Product Name; displaced people; global refugee; market information; health communication; financial interest; financial datum; Gender Gap; general population; travel pass; transportation equipment; local actors; organizational support; subsidiary right; local representatives; geographic scope; political risk; pension plan; business permit; population shift; rainy season; low education; in work; low saving; dry season; linguistic diversity; urban settlement; water availability; donor community; legal barrier; business model; entrepreneurial skill; nomadic pastoralist; humanitarian operation; water collection; refugee situation; applicable law; demographic breakdown; commercial center; population statistic; administrative boundary; perishable food; single market; vulnerability study; retail trade; sustainable business; know how; Vocational Training; productive potential; refugee work; financial market; food basket; survey instrument; collected data; income household; boda boda; study including; existing business; financial matter; university degree; strategy development; wholesale business

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Citation

Kakuma as a Marketplace : A Consumer and Market Study of a Refugee Camp and Town in Northwest Kenya (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/482761525339883916/Kakuma-as-a-Marketplace-A-Consumer-and-Market-Study-of-a-Refugee-Camp-and-Town-in-Northwest-Kenya