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Composting and its applicability in developing countries (English)

Composting has always existed on every field and forest floor, and intuitively it makes sense to compost the organic fraction of the municipal solid waste stream. This paper argues that composting should be a more widespread practice, especially in developing countries. It reviews past composting experiences and provides an outline for municipal managers to use when evaluating composting programs within an integrated municipal waste management system. Over 50 percent of an average developing country city's municipal solid waste stream could be readily composted. Composting is a simple process where optimization efforts are used to increase the rate of decompostion, minimize nuisance potential, and produce a clean and readily marketable finished product. Composting also helps to increase the recovery rate of recyclable materials. Composting is all too often implemented for the wrong reasons. It should be considered as part of an integrated solid waste management strategy with appropriate processing technologies selected based on market opportunities, economic feasibility, and social acceptance. Cost effective and sustainable composting is possible within the context of an integrated solid waste management strategy. Participation and cooperation from many stakeholders is required.

Details

  • Author

    Hoornweg, Daniel Thomas, Laura Otten, Lambert

  • Document Date

    2000/03/31

  • Document Type

    Working Paper (Numbered Series)

  • Report Number

    22007

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Doc Name

    Composting and its applicability in developing countries

  • Keywords

    output water;community management of waste recycling;municipal solid waste stream;integrated solid waste management;organic matter;solid waste management system;long term lease basis;municipal solid waste manager;integrated municipal waste management;solid waste management problems;solid waste management program;reduction of methane generation;organic waste per day;system of national accounts;nuisance effects of traffic;health and safety issue;compost quality standards;benefits of composting;household source separation;composting process;daily waste collection;heavy metal standards;environment and development;residential composting;organic waste collection;beneficial end product;waste collection service;chemical fertilizer;compost end product;labor intensive composting;municipal composting efforts;public awareness campaign;compost marketing strategy;chemical fertilizer use;facility design and;household kitchen waste;cost accounting system;sugar cane waste;vegetable and fruit;public awareness program;site selection process;public health official;cost of production;market for good;reduced air pollution;open water bodies;poor water quality;world health organization;quantity of waste;municipal composting initiatives;incidence of disease;municipal government;production of fertilizer;social and environmental;waste disposal costs;load of waste;municipal transfer station;municipal waste stream;urban waste management;solid waste technology;public health implications;cost of land;occupational health service;city waste management;compost process control;natural resource accounting;biochemical oxygen demand;heavy metal concentration;environmentally sound technology;household organic material;contamination of surface;community composting operation;source of income;source income;urban solid waste;incoming waste materials;lack of equipment;emission of methane;methane from landfill;tonnage of compost;emissions from landfill;land use options;household hazardous materials;community composting program;waste management authorities;heavy metal contamination;solid waste program;solid waste burning;proper waste disposal;centralized composting processes;urban air pollution;environmentally sound practices;global compost standards;biological process requirements;adequate waste collection;poor waste collection;waste collection program;composting plant;composting facilities;soil erosion;protecting worker;compostable materials;compost product;production cost;environmental cost;carbon dioxide;crop residue;landfill gas;human excreta;raw material;transportation cost;seasonal variation;soil amendment;marketing plan;agricultural soil;infrastructure operation;

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Citation

Hoornweg, Daniel Thomas, Laura Otten, Lambert

Composting and its applicability in developing countries (English). Urban waste management working paper series ; no. 8 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/483421468740129529/Composting-and-its-applicability-in-developing-countries