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Composting and its applicability in developing countries (English)

Composting has always existed on every field and forest floor, and intuitively it makes sense to compost the organic fraction of the municipal solid waste stream. This paper argues that composting should be a more widespread practice, especially in developing countries. It reviews past composting experiences and provides an outline for municipal managers to use when evaluating composting programs within an integrated municipal waste management system. Over 50 percent of an average developing country city's municipal solid waste stream could be readily composted. Composting is a simple process where optimization efforts are used to increase the rate of decompostion, minimize nuisance potential, and produce a clean and readily marketable finished product. Composting also helps to increase the recovery rate of recyclable materials. Composting is all too often implemented for the wrong reasons. It should be considered as part of an integrated solid waste management strategy with appropriate processing technologies selected based on market opportunities, economic feasibility, and social acceptance. Cost effective and sustainable composting is possible within the context of an integrated solid waste management strategy. Participation and cooperation from many stakeholders is required.


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    Hoornweg, Daniel Thomas, Laura Otten, Lambert

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    Working Paper (Numbered Series)

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    Composting and its applicability in developing countries

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Hoornweg, Daniel Thomas, Laura Otten, Lambert

Composting and its applicability in developing countries (English). Urban waste management working paper series ; no. 8 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.