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World Bank approaches to the environment in Brazil : a review of selected projects (Vol. 4) (English)

This study examines how the Bank approached environmental concerns in several large projects in Brazil, so as to draw lessons for future Bank operations involving environmental protection, assessment, and management for the guidelines and procedures that shape these activities. The study also illustrates the evolution of environmental awareness both in the Bank and Brazil, and the growing integration of environmental concerns into Bank-assisted projects over the past two decades. The report focuses on three case studies; the Sao Paulo and the Sao Francisco Valley, Amazonia, and the POLONOROESTE program (Northwest Integrated Development Program). These case studies are examined by human, physical, and social environmental impacts and the report describes how these impacts effect the entire region. Based on these case studies the report evaluates the Bank's performance and also offers lessons and recommendations for future Bank operations.


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    IEG Evaluation

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    Latin America & Caribbean,

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    World Bank approaches to the environment in Brazil : a review of selected projects

  • Keywords

    Companhia Vale do Rio Doce;small farmer;river basin development;environmental pollution control;average per capita income;Population Displacement and Resettlement;economic and sector work;project design and implementation;environmental issue;food and agricultural;future bank;involuntary resettlement program;irrigation;irrigation scheme;pastoral land;surface water resource;domestic water supply;regional water resource;environmental protection costs;water quality monitoring;loss of livelihood;local church group;pace of urbanization;integrated rural development;infrastructure and services;poor water quality;vulnerable social group;Water Resource Management;environmental impact evaluation;State Environmental Agencies;development of hydropower;environmental resource;area under irrigation;local water management;Environmental Resources;effect on migration;national irrigation;adverse environmental impact;environmental protection plan;role of state;public health aspects;impact of dam;environmental protection policy;power sector investment;expansion of transmission;concentration of land;international affair;cost of resettlement;Irrigated Agriculture;Labor Union;national environmental;resettlement policy;Displaced Population;private irrigation;local population;affected communities;compensation procedure;agricultural production;generating capacity;farm family;urban resettlement;local development;catalytic effect;social infrastructure;hydropower generation;inadequate drainage;hydropower development;monetary compensation;federal government;Resettlement projects;water scarcity;environmental problem;irrigation facility;resettlement experience;water user;Rural Poor;large reservoir;environmental consequence;rural population;hydropower scheme;regional context;Borrowing Countries;management structure;government authority;sanitation technology;Funding agencies;affected population;resettlement requirements;national policy;logistical support;regular staff;hydrological engineer;popular participation;productive sector;local ecosystems;environmental agency;political pressure;grass root;institutional interest;cost of energy production;resource planning;social objective;local economy;power company;social situation;contextual factor;human suffering;increase poverty;environmental dimension;economic efficiency;environmental concern;social issue;employment opportunities;state capital;increased supply;environmental knowledge;hydropower plant;resettlement plan;Social Sciences;compensatory measure;welfare measure;adverse consequence;environmental standpoint;employment opportunity;resettlement outcome;project costing;low-income settlement;geographic distribution;soil salinization;military rule;community association;political climate;hydroelectric company;commercial farmer;agricultural laborer;legal title;economic failure;rice yield;production level;individual farmer;financial autonomy;chemical fertilizer;fisheries program;Agrarian Reform;health post;living standard;rural dweller;demographic growth;land expropriation;project operation;psychological stress;Water Shortage;urban population;pumping station;social environment;social tension;power station;social advancement;regional power;human environment;urban relocation;rural resettlement;colonization scheme;production support;water level;geographic setting;organizational structure;ecological condition;flood area;fish production;iron ore;institutional context;kilowatt hour;environmental aspect;irrigated area;environmental change;transport route;dense population;social characteristic;federal officials;research institute;rural community;ground transportation;field visits;financial compensation;sugar cane;salaried worker;resettlement strategy;water evaporation;natural environment;protection measure;settlement operation;ecological characteristics;environmental economist;land redistribution;institutional problem;environmental consideration;cooperative organizations;transition period;farmer income;archaeological site



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World Bank approaches to the environment in Brazil : a review of selected projects (Vol. 4) (English). Sector or Thematic Evaluation Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.