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Morocco - Social protection and labor : diagnostic (English)

Main macroeconomic indicators in Morocco (notably economic growth, inflation) are expected to remain appropriate in the short-medium term. Despite negative impacts in the economy due to developments in the Eurozone, in particular sovereign debt crises in Spain and Italy, among other countries, economic growth in Morocco has been positive averaging 4.3 percent per year between years 2010 and 2013. Morocco has displayed important progress in the Bank’s twin objectives of reducing poverty and promoting shared prosperity. Inequality and vulnerability remain important challenges. Despite some notable progress on key human development indicators, Morocco still lags behind in health and education achievements. One of the key challenges for Morocco is that economic growth has not achieved enough employment growth to the needs of a saturated labor market. To achieve faster economic growth, Morocco will need a structural transformation of its economy, with a focus on broadening economic opportunities. Low employment rates in Morocco are largely explained by very low rates of participation of women in the labor force. Most employment creation in Morocco happens in the services and construction sectors, while the agriculture and manufacturing sectors (as these sectors become more productive and substitute labor by capital) actually suffer from net job destruction of approximately 35 thousand jobs per year.

Details

  • Author

    Angel-Urdinola,Diego, El Kadiri El Yamani,Fatima, Pallares-Miralles,Montserrat

  • Document Date

    2015/05/26

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    103119

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Morocco,

  • Region

    Middle East and North Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2016/02/03

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Morocco - Social protection and labor : diagnostic

  • Keywords

    youth;small and medium enterprise;pension system;private sector development and competitiveness;Infant and Maternal Mortality Rates;pension scheme;Labor Market;rural area;number of beneficiaries;rate of price inflation;leading cause of death;indicator of life expectancy;participation in decision making;improving access to finance;education and training system;secondary school leaving certificate;French Agency for Development;labor market intermediation;loss of employment;social insurance system;average pension;unemployment rate;dependency ratio;public sector worker;social security coverage;public works program;labor force participation;replacement rate;minimum wage;loss of income;private sector worker;craft and agriculture;organic budget law;social protection sector;response to shock;vocational training policy;unemployed job seeker;private training provision;human resource management;poor urban area;private sector representative;wage subsidy program;upper secondary education;medium-term macroeconomic framework;fixed exchange rate;sovereign debt crisis;consumer price inflation;participation of woman;high youth unemployment;primary school certificate;exchange rate policy;Social Safety Nets;social assistance program;fast economic growth;Exchange rate policies;access to land;access to financing;human development indicator;number of jobs;social protection system;lack of transparency;social security system;registered job seekers;barriers in access;age of retirement;adequate social security;working age population;creating employment opportunity;total factor productivity;Improving Labor Markets;labor market outcome;falling birth rate;Governance and Accountability;youth friendly services;job search process;level of employment;lack of skill;high minimum wages;social insurance coverage;quality of job;social security arrangements;health insurance benefits;

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Citation

Angel-Urdinola,Diego El Kadiri El Yamani,Fatima Pallares-Miralles,Montserrat

Morocco - Social protection and labor : diagnostic (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/485991468190443363/Morocco-Social-protection-and-labor-diagnostic