Skip to Main Navigation

Mozambique Country Forestry Note (Portuguese)

Mozambique has 34 million hectares (ha) of natural forests, covering 43 percent of its area. The predominant forest ecosystem is the miombo, covering about two thirds of the total forest area. Other forest ecosystems include internationally recognized biodiversity hotspots, such as the coastal forests in the south, afro-montane forests in central Mozambique, and coastal dry forests in the north; and the second-largest area of mangroves in Africa. Forests are an important contributor to the country’s economy and a source of employment, income, and livelihoods in Mozambique’s rural areas. The sector contributed about USD 330 million to GDP in 2011 and directly employed 22,000 people (FAOSTAT, 2011). Forests provide goods and services to local communities, including food, energy, medicine, construction materials and furniture. In some rural communities, miombo woodlands contribute almost 20 percent of household cash income and 40 percent of subsistence (non-cash) income. Forests provide ecosystem services of both local and global value. These include climate regulation through carbon sequestration and storage, watershed protection through soil erosion control, water quality and quantity provision, as well as habitat for globally important species, such as Africa’s iconic large mammals and unique endemic species, such as the Gorongosa Pygmy Chameleon and Vincent’s Bush Squirrel. Based on the recent National Forest Inventory (NFI, 2018), the country’s above- and below-ground carbon stock totals more than 5.2 billion tCO2. This carbon store is central to the country’s climate change mitigation commitments. Promoting sustainable forest management in Mozambique requires significant financing, as it entails changing the land use behavior of millions of smallholders and creating incentives among national stakeholders to manage forests sustainably, as opposed to extracting the most from them in the short-term. Mozambique has developed a Forest Investment Plan that identifies how resources would be used. Further resource mobilization is needed to scale it up and replicate it in other landscapes.


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region


  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Mozambique Country Forestry Note

  • Keywords

    united nations framework convention on climate change; african forest; greenhouse gas emission reduction; slash and burn agriculture; source income; sustainable use of wildlife; Land Administration and Management; food and agriculture organization; small and medium enterprise; resilience to climate risk; water quality and quantity; travel and tourism industry; agriculture and livestock; sustainable use of forest; forest law enforcement; climate change mitigation; sustainable forest management; Natural Resources; rights to land; renewable natural resource; private sector engagement; community land delimitation; formal sector business; land-use behavior; Agricultural Value Chain; source of income; total energy consumption; household energy need; total ghg emissions; high population growth; land use planning; commercial forest plantation; access to forest; harvest of timber; access to finance; national forest inventory; informal land market; distribution of land; agriculture and forestry; law enforcement agencies; energy development policy; participation of stakeholder; natural forest resources; natural resource use; efficiency of operations; civil society group; inclusion of women; implementation of law; level of compliance; area biodiversity; Natural Resource Management; global biodiversity hotspots; community development program; availability of land; carbon sequestration potential; natural forest products; species of tree; energy engineering; chain of custody; forest management standard; private sector management; natural forest management; balance of rights; sustainable natural resource; soil erosion control; source of employment; rural area; forest concession; natural capital; Landscape Management; forest degradation; wood product; forest sector; rural community; coastal forest; forest ecosystem; mangrove forest; timber value; dry forest; forest loss; timber harvest; wood export; deforestation rate; national economy; urban expansion; ecosystem service; illegal logging



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Mozambique Country Forestry Note (Portuguese). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.