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Impact evaluation of SME programs in Latin America and Caribbean : Evaluacion de impacto de los programas para pyME Latinoamerica y el Caribe (Spanish)

This report is the product of a research project rigorously evaluating the net impacts of participation in small and medium enterprise (SME) programs in four Latin American countries, Chile, Mexico, Colombia, and Peru. The objective of the research was to determine which SME programs improve firm performance, and to gain insights into why some programs may be more effective than others. These findings imply that the pessimism of earlier SME program evaluations may have been largely due to the methodologies used. The generally positive results found in these country studies for a number of SME programs by using more refined techniques suggests that the pessimistic view might be reconsidered, and that governments and international development organizations should utilize some of the evaluation techniques described in this report to gain a better understanding of which types of programs work better, and why. This information, in turn, can be applied to improving existing programs, winding down those shown to be ineffective, and scaling up successful experiences to more efficiently improve SME performance, economic activity, and employment.


  • Author

    Lopez-Acevedo,Gladys C., Tan,Hong W.

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  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    The World Region,

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  • Doc Name

    Evaluacion de impacto de los programas para pyME Latinoamerica y el Caribe

  • Keywords

    access to services, access to technology, accountability, beneficiaries, best practice, best practices, biotechnology, business development, business development services, business environment, capabilities, Commerce, competitive research, Competitiveness, consulting services, Control Groups, control systems, Corporation, counterfactual, credit lines, Data Sources, economic activity, Economic Cooperation, economic development, economic sectors, EEA, employment, employment impacts, Enterprise Support, Entrepreneurship, equipment, evaluation methods, evaluation results, exchange rates, Experimental Data, experimental design, experimental impact evaluation, experimental impact evaluations, export markets, export promotion, financial institutions, financial products, Firm Size, firm sizes, Firms, flexibility, GDP, gross domestic product, growth potential, Impact Evaluation, impact evaluation methodology, implementing agencies, income, Industrial Enterprises, information systems, information technology, innovation, innovations, instrumental variables, intermediate outcomes, international markets, intervention, interventions, job creation, knowledge gap, limited access, loan, managerial skills, Manufacturing, manufacturing establishments, market opportunities, market research, marketing, matching methods, Medium Enterprise, Medium Enterprises, National Training, negotiation, new technologies, new technology, non-experimental design, outcome indicators, participation rates, performance indicators, performance measures, policy effectiveness, poverty alleviation, Poverty Reduction, private investment, private sector, private sector development, procurement, product design, product development, production processes, productivity, program beneficiaries, Program Impacts, program implementation, program outcomes, program selection, Programs, Propensity Score Matching, PTI, random sampling, regression analysis, research centers, result, sample size, selection bias, sensitivity analysis, service delivery, service providers, small businesses, small enterprises, Small Firms, SME, SME sector, SME support program, SME Support Programs, social development, social programs, Supplier, suppliers, targeting, targets, tax concessions, tax incentive, technical assistance, Technical Cooperation, Technological Development, technology development, technology transfer, telephone, training activities, training institutes, training programs, transaction, treatment effects, uses, wages



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Lopez-Acevedo,Gladys C. Tan,Hong W.

Impact evaluation of SME programs in Latin America and Caribbean : Evaluacion de impacto de los programas para pyME Latinoamerica y el Caribe (Spanish). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.