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African involuntary population resettlement in a global context (English)

In Africa as well as worldwide, population settlement and resettlement processes are linked to the core of today's development agenda. This paper discusses several common characteristics and issues of involuntary resettlement processes resulting from development programs, and offers an overview of involuntary resettlement in Africa in the context of similar processes worldwide. An earlier, much shorter version of this paper was presented in an international conference in Uganda and was included in "Involuntary Resettlement in Africa: Selected Papers from a Conference on Environment and Settlement Issues in Africa," report no. WTP 227. The present paper was considerably revised, updated, and largely rewritten. It provides detailed data about resettlement under World Bank-financed projects in Africa, a broader review of the social science literature on resettlement in Africa, and substantial new information on specific projects during the last several years. The analysis of the World Bank's experience in addressing involuntary resettlement in Africa, both at the policy and operational levels, provides important insights for understanding the complex socio-economic content of forced displacement and resettlement, as well as the policy dimensions of managing such processes.

Details

  • Author

    Cernea, Michael M.

  • Document Date

    1997/02/28

  • Document Type

    Departmental Working Paper

  • Report Number

    18174

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Africa,

  • Region

    Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Doc Name

    African involuntary population resettlement in a global context

  • Keywords

    social policy;social policies;social dimension;Hydropower Dams and Social Impacts;involuntary resettlement;absolute numbers of people;life expectancy at birth;real per capita income;settlement operation;applied social science;forest management plan;poverty assessment work;gross national product;displacement of people;resettlement of refugees;diffusion of innovation;place of origin;displacement of communities;basic human need;river basin development;socially sustainable development;urban internal migration;local government official;health and nutrition;displacement and resettlement;investments in infrastructure;urban growth rate;standard of living;participatory poverty assessment;resettlement policy;Population Displacement;resettlement program;displaced people;conceptual model;Civil War;donor agencies;draft policy;forced displacement;living standard;social research;food insecurity;resettlement component;public source;productive capacity;large dam;project finance;land settlement;income restoration;baseline research;forest reserve;social change;population resettlement;forestry sector;forest sector;national policy;population movement;Borrowing Countries;public use;urban sewage;slum clearance;reservoir area;forced resettlement;global scale;agricultural pattern;land policies;sanitary condition;Social Sciences;policy statement;environmental objective;field work;census data;field researcher;common problems;treatment plant;civil works;african farmer;policy principle;dam building;secondary city;land take;water flow;land policy;resettlement problems;forest communities;statistical information;paramilitary force;human misery;comparative study;forest authorities;forest people;productive potential;Land tenure;native land;settlement process;large population;social scientist;social researcher;organizational capacity;resettlement agencies;rural resettlers;resettlement plan;law framework;expropriation laws;rural sociology;legal limit;resettlement process;ethnic strife;study estimate;social disarticulation;investment resource;private initiative;river blindness;land area;african nations;natural calamity;electrification program;million people;thermal plant;rural-urban migration;Urban Infrastructure;apartheid system;population relocation;Social Assessment;Industrial Estate;urban program;migration flow;human movement;social actor;relative weight;energy development;african population;black people;Displaced Population;mass starvation;african society;spatial mobility;increased morbidity;poor health;operational activity;staff resource;impoverishment risks;beneficiary assessment;practice component;affected households;government service;replacement cost;grievance procedure;customary law;severe problems;Forced Relocation;field study;clean water;massive dam;geographic region;political cause;natural cause;international refugees;geographic distribution;policy restrictions;local population;sectoral distribution;arid land;prison labor;personal property;food stores;hydropower station;common good;relief agency;community rebuilding;population settlements;short period;restoration goals;conceptual framework;urban resettlement;finance program;public good;performance issues;legislative activity;internal review;affected population;field survey;Financing programmes;resettlement practices;host population;state agency;process study;

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Citation

Cernea, Michael M.

African involuntary population resettlement in a global context (English). Environment Department working papers ; no. 45. Social assessment series*Social Development papers ; no. SDP 18 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/495981468767432101/African-involuntary-population-resettlement-in-a-global-context