Skip to Main Navigation

Can Youth Empowerment Programs Reduce Violence against Girls during the COVID-19 Pandemic (English)

This paper shows that a youth empowerment program in Bolivia reduces the prevalence of violence against girls during the COVID-19 lockdown. The program offers training in soft skills and technical skills, sex education, mentoring, and job-finding assistance. To measure the effects of the program, the study conducts a randomized control trial with 600 vulnerable adolescents. The results indicate that seven months after its completion, the program increased girls' earnings and decreased violence targeting females. Violence is measured with both direct self-report questions and list experiments. These findings suggest that empowerment programs can reduce the level of violence experienced by young females during high-risk periods.


  • Author

    Gulesci,Selim, Beccar,Manuela Puente, Ubfal,Diego Javier

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Can Youth Empowerment Programs Reduce Violence against Girls during the COVID-19 Pandemic ?

  • Keywords

    access to labor market; soft skills; treatment effect; physical violence; treatment group; Gender-Based Violence; violence against woman; Canadian Journal of Economics; collected information; access to health care; violence against girl; formal transfer; standard error; source of income; source income; informal transfer; intimate partner violence; types of violence; violence against adolescents; Shelter in Place; violence against child; risk of violence; criteria for selection; technical skills training; labor market opportunities; average treatment effect; gender wage gap; national statistical; effects of migration; gender innovation lab; Research Support; recent studies show; standard deviation; youth empowerment; self concept; Sexual Violence; know how; baseline survey; bargaining power; sex education; survey questions; vulnerable youth; female participant; vulnerable adolescent; working condition; abusive relationship; adolescents with; market demand; school closure; aggregate index; experienced violence; economic empowerment; point estimate; differential treatment; individual level; minimum wage; negative effect; age range; workers' rights; local partner; graphic design; risky activity; metropolitan city; response rate; summary statistic; average earning; disaster medicine; social skill; individual question; regression model; indicator variable; population economics; child maltreatment; global health; Cash Transfer; Health Economics; global development; unintended consequence; political science; spousal violence; Alcohol Consumption; Domestic Abuse; family life; income source; social communication; missing value; new skill; new information; in school; alcohol abuse; female respondent; reservation utility; mean income; wage labor; social network; potential abuse; property right; skill need; public health; sensitive topics; job opportunities; job opportunity; public transfer; private information; Economic Policy; emergency medicine; teenage pregnancy; research assistance; several countries; social distance; present evidence; Reproductive Health; personal empowerment; economic crisis; natural disaster; market analysis; school enrollment; generation capacity; child labor; public place; household income; neighborhood association; economic vulnerability; housing condition; social vulnerability; ethics committee; young females; cover material; teen pregnancy; open access; development policy; contraceptive method; sustainable business



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Gulesci,Selim Beccar,Manuela Puente Ubfal,Diego Javier

Can Youth Empowerment Programs Reduce Violence against Girls during the COVID-19 Pandemic (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 9547,COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.