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Higher education in Brazil - challenges and options (English)

Brazil has put significant resources into developing its higher education system over the past three decades. As a result, a system has evolved in which some institutions have achieved recognizable excellence in teaching and research, while, more generally, the majority of institutions have struggled to provide relevant, quality education at reasonable cost. As a whole, the system has a number of large challenges to overcome. Brazil has a low enrolment rate in higher education. Rigidities in funding and regulation create strong disincentives for cost-efficiency or quality. The quality of instruction and the relevance of the curriculum are below desirable standards. The Government of Brazil has a three-pronged strategy for improving higher education: a) to change the legal framework for the sector; b) to change to a performance-based funding system that supports the Ministerio da Educacao e do Esporto's (MEC) policy goals of improved access, quality, and efficiency; and c) to improve capacity for evaluating quality of instruction and performance of institutions. The challenge is to focus attention on those changes that will promote the greatest progress in equitable access, quality, relevance, and efficiency. Finally, the report recommends ways to improve access, quality, and efficiency.

Details

  • Document Date

    2002/03/31

  • Document Type

    Publication

  • Report Number

    23872

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Brazil,

  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Doc Name

    Higher education in Brazil - challenges and options

  • Keywords

    Higher Education;access to tertiary education;access to higher education;restrictive labor market regulation;quality improvement in education;quality of higher education;higher education institution;quality of instruction;federal university;private institution;public university;Exchange Rates;public higher education;course of study;higher education system;age cohort;high school leaver;minimum wage income;number of exams;private secondary education;secondary school leaver;higher education enrollment;consortium of university;fields of study;high school graduate;quality and relevance;pool of candidates;decline in enrollment;responsibilities for quality;minimum quality standard;quality assurance mechanism;higher education student;private tertiary institution;higher education policy;higher education sector;legislation and regulation;incentives for efficiency;educational classroom use;aid to education;basket of good;return to education;lack of coherence;high quality education;court of account;price waterhouse coopers;secondary school graduate;student loan program;weights and measure;tertiary education expenditure;civil service system;Access to Education;primary education enrollment;secondary education enrollment;higher education level;bottom income quintile;gross enrollment rate;global context;private university;entrance exam;federal government;public system;

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Citation

Higher education in Brazil - challenges and options (English). A World Bank Country Study Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/503611468769540767/Higher-education-in-Brazil-challenges-and-options