Skip to Main Navigation

Transforming Karachi into a livable and competitive megacity : a city diagnostic and transformation strategy (English)

Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan, with a population of 16 million. It accounts for one-third of Sindh’s population and one-fifth of the country’s urban population. However, a highly complex political economy, highly centralized but fragmented governance, land contestation among many government entities, and weak institutional capacity have made it difficult to manage the city’s development. Karachi has also been beset with a worsening security situation for the past few decades, although recent improvements in the security environment have led to a reduction in violent crime. Social exclusion of marginalized parts of the population is a challenge that requires immediate attention. These factors have resulted in the rapid decline of the city’s quality of life and economic competitiveness from its thriving status after the country’s independence. The first part of this report provides a diagnosis of Karachi’s issues, structured around three pathways focused on key aspects of city management. Each chapter provides a rapid diagnostic of the issues and a list of possible actions that can be taken in the short and long terms.


  • Author

    Ellis,Peter D., Friaa,Jaafar Sadok, Kaw,Jon Kher

  • Document Date


  • Document Type


  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Transforming Karachi into a livable and competitive megacity : a city diagnostic and transformation strategy

  • Keywords

    Public Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility; labor force survey data; water supply and sanitation; municipal service delivery; population living in poverty; food and beverage sector; urban immovable property tax; female labor force participation; trade facilitation and logistics; innovative public-private partnership; international institute for environment; access to public sewerage; public investment in infrastructure; access to basic service; public transport for woman; infrastructure and services; Solid Waste Management; source of financing; annual average growth; per capita income; labor productivity growth; social development goal; bureaucratic red tape; movement of people; increase in population; private sector competitiveness; local government system; access to land; mass transit station; household survey data; formal sector employment; access to job; cultural heritage site; gdp growth rate; disaster risk management; bus rapid transit; consultations with stakeholders; infrastructure and facilities; Public Transit System; public open space; fragmentation of land; water and sewerage; provincial government agency; privileges and immunity; lack of transparency; civil society representatives; source of data; limited liability company; health care service; urban growth rate; urban land use; urban property tax; Dynamics of poverty; estimates of poverty; development of infrastructure; salary and pension; weak financial position; european space agency; day care center; local government election



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Ellis,Peter D. Friaa,Jaafar Sadok Kaw,Jon Kher

Transforming Karachi into a livable and competitive megacity : a city diagnostic and transformation strategy (English). Directions in development,infrastructure Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.