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The experience of condominial water and sewerage systems in Brazil : case studies from Brasilia, Salvador and Parauebas (English)

The study presents the experience of applying the condominial approach to expand water and sewerage networks, in three contrasting Brazilian cities - Brasilia, Salvador, and Parauapebas. It is based on the findings of a study tour to Brazil (December 2003), and, projects mature and functioning condominial systems on the ground, as well as interacts with policy makers, utility managers, residents and specialists, to achieve a better understanding of the challenges and potential advantages, and disadvantages of implementing this systems. The so-called condominial approach to the construction of water, and sewerage networks was developed in Brazil during the 1980's as response to the challenges posed by expanding services into peri-urban neighborhoods. While the condominial model has proved capable of meeting the considerable social, and engineering challenges posed in these areas, it is also a generic alternative to the design of water and sewerage systems. Indeed, the Brazilian experience illustrates how the model has been successfully applied to urban neighborhoods, as diverse as the Rocinha slum in Rio de Janeiro, and the affluent Lago Sul and Lago Norte districts of Brasilia.


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    Melo,Jose Carlos

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    Working Paper

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    Latin America & Caribbean,

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    The experience of condominial water and sewerage systems in Brazil : case studies from Brasilia, Salvador and Parauebas

  • Keywords

    public network;water and sewerage;adaptation to local needs;water and sanitation program;locality population;utility company;sewerage system;conventional system;terms of agreement;vertical drop pipe;sewerage network;development of sewerage;meters of pipe;lack of sanitation;building social capital;rapid population growth;tertiary treatment plants;public water utility;absence of road;discharge of sewage;high population density;shallow water table;local community participation;sewerage and drainage;cost materials;drinking water supply;design of water;local government authority;balance of power;inspection chambers;local condition;excavation work;sewage treatment;shallow depth;household connection;Water Services;connection fee;local resident;urban development;pipe diameter;inspection point;urban density;condominial sewerage;pvc pipes;effluent treatment;engineering design;water runoff;cultural tradition;treatment facilities;sewerage service;drainage basin;informal settlement;water sector;wastewater flow;total load;private property;technology choice;bathing beach;alternative system;sewerage treatment;internal structure;standard practice;urban slum;physical environment;urbanized area;historic center;sea level;household sewage;pumping station;internal training;cast iron;adverse consequence;tourism industry;high transportation;distinct phase;local river;small pump;quality system;drainage channel;local economy;general agreement;internal change;marine outfall;sanitation education;routine maintenance;diverse population;urban settlement;performance comparison;natural drainage;clear delineation;social participation;average cost;water bill;connection charge;social intermediation;political support;elected representative;conventional approach;land availability;environmental condition;water resource;treatment process;universal coverage;complementary action;sanitary education;million people;government permit;building regulation;majority vote;construction process;social status;local circumstance;fee structure;process use;sewerage collection;urban context;activated sludge;city street;construction work;uniform application;drainage permit;reinforced concrete;social mobilization;administrative aspects;historical heritage;state capital;water coverage;untreated sewage;financial cost;environmental awareness;bedroom community;flat terrain;conventional sewerage;alternative strategy;sewage collection;widespread poverty;stormwater drainage;environmental problem;fragile ecosystem;vehicle load;atlantic ocean;tourist destination;building specification;community mobilization;public official;urban setting;brazilian experience;field visits;social pressure;housing program;infrastructure service;steep gradient;mining town;community funding;sanitary condition;septic tank;operational aspect;affluent areas;water system;service access;urbanization;



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Melo,Jose Carlos

The experience of condominial water and sewerage systems in Brazil : case studies from Brasilia, Salvador and Parauebas (English). Water and sanitation program Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.