Skip to Main Navigation

The economics of language : the roles of education and labor market outcomes (English)

Relatively little is known about the determinants and consequences of dominant language fluency among linguistic minorities. This paper presents the development of a model of the determinants of dominant language proficiency. The model is based on three primary factors: exposure to the dominant language, efficiency in acquiring the dominant language skills, and economic incentives for acquiring dominant language proficiency. Tests of the model are summarized for immigrants in six countries. Preliminary studies suggest that there can be substantial economic benefits for the individual and the society when linguistic minorities acquire dominant language proficiency. The benefits to the individual may come in the form of being more successful in consumption activities. Several studies have shown benefits in the form of higher earning and greater employment. For the economy as a whole, increased economic growth and reductions in poverty and inequality may be important benefits. The broadening of opportunities in consumption, educational, and labor market activities due to enhanced proficiency in the language need not come at the expense of a diminution of proficiency in the mother tongue. The issue is not choosing one language or another, but the costs of and benefits from proficiency in the dominant language of a country.

Details

  • Author

    Chiswick, Barry R.

  • Document Date

    1996/09/30

  • Document Type

    Human Capital Working Paper

  • Report Number

    16035

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Doc Name

    The economics of language : the roles of education and labor market outcomes

  • Keywords

    language skill;public use;access to health care;high rates of employment;labor market activity;country of origin;country of birth;labor market success;immigrant from country;linguistic minority;place of residence;host country language;language of instruction;local labor market;department of economics;Social Safety Nets;labor market impact;labor market behavior;degrees of participation;family planning resources;supply of service;third world countries;rates of return;regions of origin;process of adjustment;reduction in poverty;language proficiency;minority language;consumption activities;human capital;population economics;survey data;mexican immigrants;receiving countries;temporary migrant;research program;demographic determinants;educational opportunity;empirical analysis;formal schooling;consumption opportunities;mother tongue;electronic media;Indigenous Peoples;host society;immigrant group;linguistic diversity;bilingual education;explanatory variable;potential contribution;interactive technology;asian languages;market basket;cultural life;ethnic group;broadest sense;primary determinant;research institute;electronic network;empirical literature;occupational status;political sphere;working age;economic exchange;language use;hebrew language;public policy;resource program;return migration;adult man;caribbean island;high unemployment;payment method;child labor;Population Growth;transitional economy;asian immigrants;voucher program;foreign country;equitable allocation;government intervention;education voucher;price control;endogenous variable;migration characteristics;lingua franca;national language;individual level;internal migration;important policy;future research;ethnic heterogeneity;residential location;statistical analyses;indigenous language;regression coefficient;simultaneous equation;indigenous population;research study;primary factors;dominant culture;transferable skill;educational level;home country;home countries;foreign language;immigrant men;Social Sciences;native language;efficiency factor;civic life;young age;young child;language acquisition;home for presents;linguistic characteristics;marital status;exposure variables;rural area;permanent settlers;short period;largest groups;economic migrant;family migrants;negative feedback;male immigrants;earnings increase;labor supply;

Downloads

COMPLETE REPORT

Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.

Citation

Chiswick, Barry R.

The economics of language : the roles of education and labor market outcomes (English). Human capital development and operations policy working papers ; no. HCD 70 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/510281468740216276/The-economics-of-language-the-roles-of-education-and-labor-market-outcomes