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Tanzania - Systematic country diagnostic (English)

Tanzania began its independence as a socialist country, but in the 1980s economic difficulties pushed it to adopt macroeconomic reforms, among them removing direct controls on prices and exchange and interest rates and opening up industry to private investment. Reforms intensified in the second half of the 1990s with steep cuts in public spending, which helped the Government to move from fiscal deficits to surpluses. Inflation was brought under control. Exchange rate stability was restored, and the Government carried out structural reforms to boost exports, liberalize domestic markets, and reduce public sector involvement in the economy. This Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD) provides an informed and integrative perspective on what Tanzania can do to move its national goals forward. The primary aim of the SCD is to analyze the country’s current opportunities and challenges and identify priority areas for policy action. The findings will be the foundation for the Country Partnership Framework (CPF), which will guide the engagement of the World Bank Group (WBG) with Tanzania for the next five years. The SCD builds on a wide range of analyses conducted by the WBG, the Government, and other institutions. The World Bank’s Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) 2014 and poverty assessment 2015 have contributed to the diagnostic, and the Policy Notes for the New Administration, presented in December 2015, helped set the sector-specific policy agenda and informed the analysis of binding constraints and potential solutions. Consultations for the SCD brought in a broad range of stakeholders.


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    Tanzania - Systematic country diagnostic

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    human capital needs;market needs;Demographic and Health Survey;World Travel and Tourism Council;per capita income growth;Natural Resources;quality of service delivery;Technical and Vocational Education;cost of power generation;Policy and Institutional Framework;broad range of stakeholders;higher incidence of poverty;decline in poverty rate;annual per capita income;access to formal credit;Tax Policy and Administration;Public and Private Institution;small and medium size enterprise;real effective exchange rate;social safety net program;Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;information and communication technology;global financial crisis;Exchange Rates;bureau of statistic;current account deficit;private investment;economies of scale;international poverty line;Population Growth;Macroeconomic Stability;rural area;access to finance;foreign direct investment;Early Childhood Development;human capital development;consumer price index;national road network;total factor productivity;gross national income;secondary city;reduction of poverty;port of entry;Private Sector Growth;natural resource rent;growth and development;special economic zone;national poverty headcount;benefits of integration;effective regulatory regime;public sector accountability;high fertility rate;determinants of growth;skilled labor force;access to infrastructure;risk of distress;Human Immunodeficiency Virus;liquefied natural gas;public sector involvement;alleviation of poverty;social protection program;human development gains;price of gold;reduction of inequality;crude oil pipeline;rapid capital accumulation;reduction in poverty;agricultural sector performance;fast economic growth;labor force survey;total fertility rate;growth in agriculture;role of state;high population growth;access to land;annual economic growth;household budget survey;duration of conflict;quality of public;domestic financial sector;regional value chain;skill development program;costs of conflict;climate-smart agriculture;public sector reform;domestic financial market;exchange rate stability;export processing zone;competitive business environment;fiber optic cable;cost of credit;global market;financial service;gender equity;extreme poverty;institutional transformation;commodity price;financial sustainability;tax revenue;comparative advantage;urban congestion;productivity growth;regional market;light manufacturing;manufactured products;Urban Planning;fuel price;Macroeconomic Policy;reduced poverty;private consumption;labor-intensive sectors;cubic feet;manufactured export;political stability;financial transfer;net export;Fiscal Sustainability;economic integration;urban productivity;external shock;productivity gain;economic reform;financial inclusion;stable growth;regulatory burden;natural asset;fiscal risk;real gdp;multiparty system;living condition;binding constraint;nontariff barrier;future labor;nonrenewable resource;Public Spending;cash crop;macroeconomic reform;enabling environment;investment choice;government budget;exogenous shock;comparator country;Public-Private Dialogue;public debt;entrepreneurial capacity;long-term financing;stabilization measure;net oil;Socialist countries;regional transit;commodity export;border crossing;supply side;productive activity;Urban Infrastructure;cross-border trade;income generation;mobile money;negative shock;resource endowments;Social Conflict;domestic businesses;trade balance;communal violence;political regime;quality service;global demand;productivity level;export commodity;rail access;maritime port;cognitive skill;future productivity;increased equity;government capacity;private market;public good;internal conflict;Financial Stability;national economy;Public Goods;total output;south sudan;export basket;retail trade;basic metal;medium enterprise;Public Services;political parties;fiscal deficit;democratic system;agricultural product;macroeconomic risk;coastal area;institutional barrier;political party;water depletion;job market;general elections



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Tanzania - Systematic country diagnostic (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.