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India - Second Karnataka Rural Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation Project : environmental assessment (Vol. 2) : Final report (revised) (English)

This environmental assessment (EA) for the Second Karnataka Rural Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation Project, reviews the national policy, legal, and administrative framework, as well as the State level requirements, the Karnataka Ground Water Act of 1999, and legislative measures to promote rural sanitation. However, following a critical analysis on the baseline environmental status, the EA recommends mitigation measures as follows. Water quantity of existing water supplies should be augmented through the rehabilitation of existing systems; identification of new sources (mostly ground water sources); local, and distant surface sources, requiring simple treatment, such as slow sand filtration, and/or chlorination; and, appropriate blending of water from existing sources to meet drinking water quality standards. Water quality should undergo a sanitary survey, to then include measures to convert existing dug wells into sanitary wells, and fence surface sources, to obtain a catchment area protection. Continuous chlorination should be implemented, including regular water quality testing, and bacteriological control. Adequate residual pressure should be ensured at the distribution points, and household, community, and institutional latrines promoted. Sustained sanitation/hygiene programs would increase positive attitudes, and behavior, specially focused on women, and children. In addition, drainage should include treatment, and disposal of residues, while a solid waste management program should identify common sites for sanitary disposal, and, waste could be composted, to be sold as fertilizer to generate income. Health preventive issues include curative programs, and regular de-worming measures.


  • Author

    Paramasivam, R. Consultant

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Environmental Assessment

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Final report (revised)

  • Keywords

    Rural Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation;rural water supply and sanitation;exploitation of ground water;sustainability of water supply;health status of people;depletion of ground water;drinking water quality standard;family health and hygiene;piped water supply;public works department;public health engineering;access to drinking water;per capita water supply;project design and implementation;rural water supply scheme;sanitation and hygiene promotion;rural water supply sector;small number of household;quality of water supply;ground water level;ground water recharge;control of pollution;ground water source;drinking water source;bore well;potable water supply;latrines in schools;water quality problem;indoor air pollution;supply driven approach;storm water drainage;demand responsive approach;public consultation;ground water quality;water supply service;safe drinking water;slow sand filter;surface water supply;acquisition of land;payment of compensation;adequate compensatory measure;pour flush latrines;grass root level;ground water contamination;Social Assessment;cooperation and assistance;community base;provision water;slow sand filtration;upper respiratory diseases;construction and operation;movement of people;contamination of water;water related disease;scheme will;public water point;household solid waste;traditional water source;trade off analysis;Drinking Water Standards;school sanitation;outbreak of disease;good water supply;incidence of malaria;adequate water supply;water quality monitoring;diversion of traffic;ground water development;household latrine;rural area;water sample;sanitary latrine;vehicular traffic;water scarcity;rural habitations;employment opportunities;field visits;chemical contaminant;hand pump;manure pit;technology choice;employment opportunity;environmental issue;surface sources;community latrine;rural sanitation;individual ownership;noise level;sea coast;telecommunication equipment;machine tool;dust concentration;construction activities;storage capacity;oil seed;coffee production;disposal system;storm drains;agricultural crop;village ponds;cattle dung;state income;work force;site visits;average rainfall;annual rainfall;behavioral change;social interaction;development work;local development;flood-prone area;recurring expenditure;water need;agricultural purpose;safety chlorination;public latrine;school child;quality requirement;geophysical survey;sanitation practice;public complaint;bacteriological quality;minimum compensation;compost pit;building latrine;water stagnation;total sanitation;emit fuel;public road;public place;rainy season;geophysical techniques;mandatory requirement;sanitary disposal;policy formulation;programme implementation;medical expense;household environment;respiratory infection;cooking fuel;river bed;disease vector;breeding place;living creature;sanitation system;pollution load;fragile areas;site identification;seasonal rivers;household sanitation;income generation;environmental safeguard;environmental legislation;water resource;natural environment;environmental aspect;sustainable water;nongovernmental organisations;environmental consideration;contiguous area;fuel efficiency;vital service;Sanitation Services;drawing water;regulatory measure;dissolved solid;failure rate;irrigation well;water abstraction;water table;surface runoff;source water;village scheme;rural population;coastal region;public source;village water;hygiene practice;good health;drainage area;river system;democratic process;conservation structures;social scientist;household hygiene;active participation;public liability;summer months;regular monitoring;local condition;project intervention;land acquisition;systems administration;environmental preferences;technology option;high fluoride;viral hepatitis;



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Paramasivam, R. Consultant

India - Second Karnataka Rural Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation Project : environmental assessment (Vol. 2) : Final report (revised) (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.