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Land-use zoning on tropical frontiers : emerging lessons from the Brazilian Amazon (English)

For more than 30 years, successive Brazilian governments have engaged in programs aimed at opening up the Amazon region for settlement and development. Since the 1980s, the Brazilian government and some donors and nongovernmental organizations proposed prescriptive land-use zoning (LZ) to bring order and rationality to land use in the Amazon region. Land areas are first categorized in terms of their best uses from the standpoint of sustainable development through aerial and satellites maps, soil samples, biodiversity inventories, and other technical information. Using this technical information, some public authority then specifies the land uses that are permitted in given areas. LZ was first put into place on a large scale in Rondonia with assistance from the World Bank. Rondonia with the neighboring state of Mato Grosso is the site of one of the largest experiments in tropical frontier LZ in the world. A decade has now passed since LZ was legally instituted by the state of Rondonia through Decree Law 3782 of June 14, 1988. This note seeks to draw some interim lessons for the experience to date.


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    Mahar, Dennis J. Ducrot, Cecile E.H.

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    Latin America & Caribbean,

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    Land-use zoning on tropical frontiers : emerging lessons from the Brazilian Amazon

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    land-use zoning;Environment and Natural Resources;land use;brazilian amazon;deforestation;types of market failures;rate of population growth;Agricultural Research and Extension;raw materials for production;Land tenure;municipal government;agriculture and livestock;forest management plan;traditional economic activity;small farmer;kilometers of road;international financial institution;sustainable land use;increase tax collection;local business association;land for agriculture;environmental law enforcement;source of income;land tenure issues;private sector group;health care service;original forest cover;public information program;tropical rain forest;private sector association;intensification of agriculture;condition of effectiveness;concept of land;role of state;natural resource base;preparation for work;development of information;rural worker;number of road;flow of fund;rate of deforestation;amount of land;local nongovernmental organization;source income;claims over land;extractive activity;federal government;legislative assembly;cattle ranching;political support;zoning law;satellite image;indigenous communities;land settlement;rural area;indigenous community;extractive reserve;local politician;community level;international ngos;spatial distribution;political opposition;effective participation;community initiative;conservation area;zoning plan;small-scale agriculture;small area;local population;indigenous people;indigenous population;soil sampling;political pressure;Social Conflict;native people;clearing forest;land title;local stakeholder;biological diversity;stakeholder participation;affected communities;land area;agricultural production;Indigenous Peoples;indigenous area;forested land;productive land;urban population;consultative body;sustainable extraction;forest product;subsistence agriculture;market access;legal constraint;private money;good road;population settlements;federal highway;international boundary;state politics;biodiversity inventory;public authority;beef industry;agroecological regions;political coalition;government planners;political factor;procurement method;Political Economy;protected area;political commitment;fiscal condition;state jurisdiction;military government;large population;zone boundary;negative reaction;tax revenue;illegal settlers;agricultural cycle;forest conversion;transportation cost;state land;soil sample;biological reserve;ecological station;sustainable production;pork barrel;removing restriction;local politics;investment capital;land-use patterns;political party;political parties;young professional;state constitution;fragile environment;permanent preservation;rural population;complementary loan;public forest;environmental group;human rights;tribal lands;state law;finance infrastructure;coordination problem;agroecological environment;traditional knowledge;future investment;private rate;settlement process;Carbon Sink;existence value;political analysis;forested areas;adequate resources;socioeconomic factors;nature conservation;massive deforestation;urban sprawl;residential area;economic stabilization;soil fertility;counterpart fund;land development;legal rule;federal level;components design;traditional form;program coordination;institutional inefficiencies;negative effect;preparatory work;agroecological zoning;full participation;international pressure;penetration road;administrative procedure;original form;administrative rule;institutional procedures;federal legislation;stock number;project administration;original amendment;environmental activity;firm commitment;livestock sector;forestry legislation;satellite imagery;social data;local elite;population center;sustainable forest;traditional production;tree crop;alluvial soil;floodplain agriculture;research activities;research activity;legal guidelines;illegal logging;rural community;judicial rule;forest reserve;financial incentive;project sponsor;land occupancy;business community;legal obligation;state governors;social tension



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Mahar, Dennis J. Ducrot, Cecile E.H.

Land-use zoning on tropical frontiers : emerging lessons from the Brazilian Amazon (English). EDI case studies*World Bank Institute (WBI) case studies Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.