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Rural development (English)

Rural development is a strategy designed to improve the economic and social life of a specific group of people - the rural poor. It involves extending the benefits of development to the poorest among those who seek a livelihood in the rural areas. The group includes small-scale farmers, tenants and the landless. A strategy for rural development must recognize three points: firstly, the rate of transfer of people out of low productivity agriculture and related activities into more rewarding pursuits has been slow; and, given the relative size of the modern sector in most developing countries, it will remain slow. Secondly, the majority of people in the rural areas of developing countries face varying degrees of poverty; their position is likely to get worse if population expands at unprecedented rates while limitations continue to be imposed by available resources, technology and organizations. Thirdly, rural areas have labor, land and at least some capital which, if mobilized, could reduce poverty and improve the quality of life. This implies fuller development of existing resources, construction of infrastructure, introduction of new production technology, and the creation of new types of institutions and organizations.


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    Rural development

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    rural area;Rural Poor;poverty in developing country;Agriculture;per capita income;absolute poverty;monitoring and evaluation system;rural population;Operational Core Curriculum;identification of target group;average per capita income;total number of people;economic and sector work;Public and Private Institution;development strategy and policy;annual per capita income;income from wage employment;access to new technology;rural development plan;relative poverty;increases in output;source income;drought prone area;provision of infrastructure;source of income;high value crops;education and health;rural development efforts;integrated rural development;small farmer;landless farm worker;difference in income;technical assistance program;finance and markets;population growth rate;employment in agriculture;rural development strategy;working age population;degree of poverty;construction of infrastructure;per capita gnp;balance of equity;rate of growth;poor farm household;Rate of migration;amount of land;hectares of land;lending to country;lack of awareness;sparsely populated areas;reduction in poverty;Public Sector Organizations;extent of poverty;factor of production;dependence on agriculture;Council of Elders;rights to land;national economic growth;public works program;access to technology;public sector spending;distribution of household;improved water supply;supply of land;mutually acceptable arrangements;gross national product;local governmental structure;devolution of responsibility;local level institutions;lack of knowledge;modern sector;food production;regional planning;trained manpower;technological change;agricultural output;poverty target;low-income group;agricultural activity;small-scale farmer;



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Rural development (English). Sector policy paper Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.