Skip to Main Navigation

Indonesia - Long-Term Generasi Impact Evaluation (English)

Indonesia has made remarkable strides in key human development indicators over the past few decades. Primary school enrollment is close to universal for both boys and girls, and the child mortality rate has declined rapidly (World Bank 2017). Nevertheless, infant mortality, child malnutrition, maternal mortality, and educational learning quality have all remained challenges in Indonesia compared with other countries in the region (World Bank 2015). Furthermore, achievements in these indicators reveal large geographical disparities within Indonesia, with poorer outcomes in rural and remote provinces and districts. Improving access to basic quality health and education services is a key component of the country’s overall poverty reduction strategy. This document describes the findings from an evaluation carried out in 2016/17 to determine Generasi’s long-term impact. It represents the fourth and final wave of evaluations; the first three waves were carried out between 2007 and 2010. The baseline survey took place from June to August 2007. The second wave was conducted from October 2008 to January 2009, after 15 to 18 months of Generasi implementation. The third survey was implemented from October 2009 to January 2010 after 27 to 30 months of project implementation. The most recent survey was carried out between October 2016 and February 2017 after nine years of program implementation. Over 46,000 household members, village heads, and school and health facility staff were surveyed in the final round.


  • Author

    Olkenm, Benjamin, Sacks,Audrey

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Indonesia - Long-Term Generasi Impact Evaluation

  • Keywords

    block grant; junior secondary school enrollment; maternal and child health; share of health expenditure; secondary school enrollment rate; children with special need; mother and child; child with disability; conditional cash transfer; primary school enrollment; community health center; block grant program; child mortality rate; human development indicator; school participation rate; center for population; improvements in health; education for all; increasing school enrollment; child health care; junior secondary student; education service delivery; education and health; Funds for Education; public service provision; participation of parent; households with child; higher education level; children at risk; age of child; baseline education indicators; health service provider; difference in outcomes; access to health; block grant allocation; junior high school; indicators for child; students with disability; Health Service Delivery; Population and Poverty; Access to Education; vitamin a supplements; mothers with children; evaluation design; performance bonus; Postnatal Care; rural area; education target; sub-district level; target indicator; nutrition counseling; treatment effect; target beneficiary; pregnant woman; performance incentive; children of ages; Maternal Mortality; disadvantaged area; community participation; health activities; attendance rate; Infant Mortality; provincial breakdown; Maternal Health; young child; school material; health indicator; target health; supplementary food; sampling design; village head; Basic Education; subsequent years; previous evaluation; school official; baseline survey; health outcome; malnutrition rates; immunization rate; long-term impact; positive impact; demand constraints; underweight rates; social mapping; child malnutrition; standard error; health programming; male partners; Change Program; elementary school; attrition rates; budget allocation; geographical disparity; remote province; standard deviation; universal coverage; Education Services; social policies; transportation fund; adequate coverage; operational recommendations; education facility; achievement level; social policy; net effect; village program; evaluation result; school building; school supply; infant health; married woman; local infrastructure; nutritional supplement; fund subsidies; ratchet effect; school year; financial infrastructure; bonus system; treatment policy; program evaluation; household income; average age; educational enrollment; outreach effort; impact analysis; health fund; community for use; village management; health clinics; village investment; program enrollment; individual household; education expenditure; school attendance; transition phase; delivery program; education status; education challenge; project intervention; educational intervention; decentralization effort; policy priority; education evaluation; increased demand; intervention impact; health share; rural program; branch school; infrastructure spending; urban community; descriptive statistic; gold standard; evaluation technique; education intervention; public health; consultation workshop; test score; infrastructure cost; attending school; community program; rural village; health post; field experiment; performance data; estimation strategy; qualitative analysis; indicator variable; community control; qualitative study; village meeting; community level; administrative datum; community effort; school-age child; evaluation system; demographic group; learning quality; panel data; fixed effect; delivery worker; supplementary material; social experiment; cross sections; child immunization; applicable law; effective policies; outcome indicator; neonatal mortality; stock exchange; private provider; health facility; dropping out; cultural affairs; data preparation; non-governmental organization; cross-sectional data; iron pills; rural location; childhood immunization; early pregnancy; postnatal visits; trained midwife; collected data



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Olkenm, Benjamin Sacks,Audrey

Indonesia - Long-Term Generasi Impact Evaluation (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.