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Brazil - Avaliacao de perdas e danos : inundacoes bruscas em Pernambuco - Junho de 2010 (Portuguese)

In June 2010, Brazil faced the worst rainy season in recent years. Between June 17 and 18, a wave from the east reached the State and, in 24 hours, produced 70 percent of the rain expected for the entire month. The heavy rain in the headwaters of the rivers caused violent storms along the banks of the rivers Una and Jaboatão and strength of the waters destroyed entire cities such as the municipalities of Palmares and Barreiros. Sixty-seven municipalities were affected, among which twelve have declare a state of calamity and 30 entered a state of emergency. Despite the magnitude of the disaster, the rapid action of the State mitigated human casualties. Twenty deaths were recorded as a consequence of the event. Estimated damage and losses, however, were significant: R$ 3.4 billion, concentrated mainly in the social sector. In the housing sector alone, with more than 16 thousand houses destroyed, losses and damages were estimated at R$ 2 billion, which represents 62 percent of the total cost of the disaster. The areas of education and health have suffered damages of R$ 286.5 million and R$ 145.5 million, respectively. In the housing sector, in addition to damages, losses are also high due to the necessary measures to reduce vulnerability, such as the construction of dams and relocation. It is important to note that although most of the impact is in the private sector, the State assumes a relevant portion of the costs of reconstruction of affordable housing and provides rental assistance for affected families. In financial terms, the impact on the public sector tends to be higher than that of the private sector. In other sectors, the damages were significantly lower. In the infrastructure sector, damages reached R$ 428 million, a figure that reflects mainly the damage to regional highways and back roads. In sanitation, an impact of R$ 36 million is estimated. Detailed information was not available for the energy infrastructure, but preliminary data suggest an impact of at least R$ 2 million. In the economic sectors (industry, agriculture, Commerce and services), the damages were estimated at R$ 424 million. In agriculture, the damage came to R$ 64 million. In trade, the direct and indirect impacts, totaled R$ 326 million and correspond mainly to micro and small enterprises in the municipalities where the the destruction was greatest.

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Citation

Moura,Fernanda Senra De Toro Landivar,Jose C. Joaquin

Brazil - Avaliacao de perdas e danos : inundacoes bruscas em Pernambuco - Junho de 2010 (Portuguese). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/526061468021006438/Brazil-Avaliacao-de-perdas-e-danos-inundacoes-bruscas-em-Pernambuco-Junho-de-2010