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Zambia's infrastructure : a continental perspective (English)

Infrastructure improvements contributed 0.6 percentage points to the annual per capita growth of Zambia's gross domestic product (GDP) over the past decade, mostly because of the exponential growth of information and communication technology (ICT) services. Poor performance of the power sector reduced the per capita growth rate by 0.1 percentage point. Simulations suggest that if Zambia's infrastructure platform could be improved to the level of the African leader, Mauritius, per capita growth rates could increase by two percentage points per year. Zambia's high generation capacity and relatively high power consumption are accompanied by fewer power outages than its neighbors. But Zambia's power sector is primarily oriented toward the mining industry, while household electrification, at 20 percent, is about half that in other resource-rich countries. Zambia's power tariffs are among the lowest in Africa and are less than half the level needed to accelerate electrification and keep pace with mining sector demands. Meeting future power demands and raising electrification rates will be difficult without increasing power tariffs. Zambia's infrastructure situation is more hopeful than that of many other African countries. Infrastructure spending needs, though large, are not beyond the realm of possibility, and Zambia's resource wealth and relatively well-off population provide a more solid financing basis than is available to many other countries. Zambia's infrastructure funding gap, though substantial, can be dramatically reduced through measures to stem inefficiencies and lower costs.

Details

  • Author

    Foster, Vivien Dominguez, Carolina

  • Document Date

    2010/03/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    62392

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Africa,

  • Region

    Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2011/06/08

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Zambia's infrastructure : a continental perspective

  • Keywords

    water and sanitation program;information and communication technology;water supply and sanitation;per capita growth rate;millennium development goal;water and sanitation utility;data collection and analysis;cost of power production;domestic air transport market;private participation in infrastructure;impact on poverty reduction;cost of service provision;abuse of monopoly power;domestic air transport sector;average for sub-saharan africa;Internal rate of return;access to safe water;rural access to electricity;resource-rich country;funding gap;power tariff;main road network;water utilities;water utility;power and water;hidden cost;submarine cable;operations and maintenance;trade facilitation agenda;gross domestic product;paved road;secondary road network;technology and markets;kilometers per hour;trunk road network;rate of investment;vehicles per day;infrastructure and growth;ict and transport;road transport sector;geographic information system;delays at border;regional power market;area of infrastructure;international border crossing;monthly power bill;population without access;investment in water;allocation of resource;allocating water right;domestic water consumption;costs of power;regional power trade;flow of good;rural road network;national power utility;degradation of water;capital budget execution;Transport and ICT;abundant hydro resource;distribution of water;mobile phone subscriber;amount of power;rural road access;water storage capacity;national policy maker;renewable water resource;surface water source;peer group;open defecation;distribution loss;infrastructure funding;Learning and Innovation Credit;infrastructure needs;efficiency gain;infrastructure sector;generation capacity;piped water;infrastructure spending;capital expenditure;international gateway;rail operator;rural networks;power outage;transit traffic;road sector;rail network;power utilities;traditional latrine;utility bill;power consumption;efficiency gap;arable land;financial statement;operational efficiency;rail concession;water sector;septic tank;operational inefficiency;subsistence consumption;infrastructure constraints;residential tariff;access right;public expenditure;cost-recovery price;flush toilet;irrigated area;agricultural land;border post;daily traffic;unpaved road;commercially viable;international call;investment target;hydropower generation;attractive hydropower;traffic level;power consumer;exorbitant tariff;water service;applicable law;hydropower site;tariff regulation;monopoly profit;development partner;infrastructure asset;target social;cross-country comparison;financial balance;freshwater supply;labor productivity;asphalt surfacing;subsidiary right;technology selection;international communications;international telecommunication;power investment;distribution network;household spending;landlocked country;household budget;family budget;infrastructure requirement;monthly bill;energy resource;upper bind;utility service;private investment;inequitable access;macroeconomic issue;urban roads;Water Services;financial enterprises;international voice;privatization process;macroeconomic level;power service;regressive subsidy;ict indicator;financing flow;private finance;private investor;external financier;public budget;financial viability;financial value;utility revenue;large-scale mining;red tape;average cost;electricity production;national utility;operational performance;infrastructure challenge;international travel;diverting trade;sanitation solutions;sanitation indicators;sanitary condition;urban water;academic circles;large utility;european commission;household access;household survey;sector specialist;reciprocal access;freight move;aggregate cost;rail system;spatial analysis;poor traffic;undue delay;interconnection service;contractual relationship;aid flow;air traffic;methodological issue;private airline;unit tariff;traffic density;performance data;concession arrangement;administrative capacity;discriminatory pricing;related subsidies

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Citation

Foster, Vivien Dominguez, Carolina

Zambia's infrastructure : a continental perspective (English). Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD) country report Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/526691468004181319/Zambias-infrastructure-a-continental-perspective