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Forensic Analysis of the Conditions of Disaster Risk in the 2018 Volcano of Fire (Volcán de Fuego) Eruption : Opportunities for the Strengthening of Disaster Risk Management in Guatemala (English)

The eruption of the Fuego volcano on June 3, 2018, caused substantial soul searching, both nationally and internationally. The loss of human life and the destruction of infrastructure and economic production sparked debates and raised questions regarding the capacities available in Guatemala to manage disaster risk and disasters associated with volcanic activity in general and on that day specifically. The entire process, from risk knowledge and analysis, to warning and evacuation, to risk reduction and reconstruction, was subject to examination by public institutions, productive sectors, scientific organizations and affected communities. What portion of the damage and human loss were avoidable and what part was almost the ‘natural’ result of this explosive and sudden type of event? The eruption of the Volcano of Fire evidenced needs in knowledge of risk and scientific monitoring, in education and the participation of communities, in the organization and logistics of preparation and response and, more generally, in the processes of territorial adaptation and planning when faced with volcanic processes. The case of the Volcano of Fire is that of an extremely active volcano, with activity cycles and patterns still little understood by experts and with limited historically recorded direct human impacts. The present document provides an analysis of the Fuego volcano disaster applying a Forensic Investigation of Disasters methodology (FORIN), an initiative of the International Council of Science (now International Science Council) (ICSU), and its Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Program (IRDR). This method allows us to focus on the socio-economic, cultural and political root causes of disaster risk and disaster through comparative, longitudinal or contemporary research. This includes contrasting the differentiated impact of similar events in different areas; disasters suffered in the same geographical area but at different points in time; or comparison between countries that have suffered similar events at similar times, but with different underlying conditions and social responses.

Details

  • Document Date

    2019/06/17

  • Document Type

    Report

  • Report Number

    AUS0000904

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Guatemala,

  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date

    2019/06/19

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Forensic Analysis of the Conditions of Disaster Risk in the 2018 Volcano of Fire (Volcán de Fuego) Eruption : Opportunities for the Strengthening of Disaster Risk Management in Guatemala

  • Keywords

    pyroclastic flow; disaster risk management; short period of time; Damage and Loss Assessment; social response; precautionary principle; acid rain; kilometers per hour; lava flow; amount of water; participation of communities; process of interaction; private sector enterprise; case of damage; movement of population; sectors of society; society and culture; early warning system; loss of life; shores of lakes; control of land; lack of land; perception of security; interest due; society and environment; damage to buildings; zone of influence; probability of occurrence; profit and loss; distribution of responsibility; duty of care; safe operating condition; environment and development; affected population; forensic analysis; social process; scientific knowledge; volcanic activity; natural system; physical hazard; social construction; productive activity; rainy season; volcanic hazard; human life; road infrastructure; historical process; research method; meteorological condition; land use; volcanic event; natural phenomenon; agricultural activity; spatial scale; human intervention; hazard information; religious belief; productive sector; active volcano; human impact; land resource; subsidiary right; natural dynamics; environmental change; political process; productive purposes; natural hazard; political consideration; affluent population; scientific analysis; limited resources; natural history; land resources; scientific monitoring; management scheme; transport network; human beings; adverse conditions; differentiated impact; geographical area; noncommercial purposes; territorial development; short distance; chemical composition; social actor; bibliographic reference; industrial activity; daily living; harmful activity; adaptive capacity; scientific advance; compensatory component; financial protection; vulnerability process; Natural Event; historical conditions; Natural Resources; hazard analysis; hazard risk; social component; absorption capacity; production area; management capacity; Transport Systems; economic exploitation; ecological debt; ecological damage; natural right; benefit evaluations; heavy rain; agricultural area; scientific evidence; citizen security; family solidarity; institutional approach; negative effect; affected communities; coffee production; international community; coffee tree; hazard map; risk base; internal migrant; Social organizations; agricultural sector; social capital; educational level; shock waves; local vegetation; field trip; surrounding community; exchange rate; interdisciplinary research; Hazard Management; mitigation strategy; health facility; cultural change; living condition; Exchange Rates; productive capacity; human actions; natural environment; public policy; Political Violence; civil society; high concentration; international expert; management strategy; daily life; dairy product; long-term process; sulfuric acid; water vapor; disaster situation; atmospheric condition; field interviews; sulfur dioxide; unforeseen circumstance; meteorological phenomenon; dynamic behavior; sea level; response mechanism; working day; gas emission; disaster research; investigative technique; secondary information; human settlement; water access; social dynamic; common hazard; carbon dating; generic problem; government entity

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Citation

Forensic Analysis of the Conditions of Disaster Risk in the 2018 Volcano of Fire (Volcán de Fuego) Eruption : Opportunities for the Strengthening of Disaster Risk Management in Guatemala (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/531531560920057222/Forensic-Analysis-of-the-Conditions-of-Disaster-Risk-in-the-2018-Volcano-of-Fire-Volcán-de-Fuego-Eruption-Opportunities-for-the-Strengthening-of-Disaster-Risk-Management-in-Guatemala