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Indonesia - Kalimantan Urban Development Project (English)

Project outcome is rated satisfactory, and sustainability is likely. The overall performances of both the Bank and the Borrower are rated satisfactory as well. Some of the many lessons learned include the following:1) This project demonstrates how a relatively small investment (50 percent less than originally allocated) can generate useful breakthroughs and innovations in teacher education, a field generally considered to be conservative and resistant to change. The project's model of using centers of innovation to create and try out, on a limited scale, new curricula, student screening and enrichment programs, stronger linkages to secondary schools, improved student teaching approaches, action research related to instructional improvement, and in-service There are five main lessons arising from this project's implementation. 1) The quality and attitude of leadership are the main elements that affected project performance: The Bank's standard approach has been to provide "traditional" technical assistance, assuming that technical understanding and skill alone would automatically and significantly facilitate project implementation. However, this has not been validated under this project. In most cases, the agency being supported for management improvement, such as a PDAM (local government water enterprise), did have the minimum understanding and skill required to implement its component(s), but its leadership lacked the willingness or commitment to carry it out. The fact that the sewerage pilot in Banjarmasin succeeded, for example, was, to a large part, determined by the strong commitment, dedication and integrity of the project manager. Technical assistance packages should be phased, with clear benchmarks, in such a way that allows the Bank to monitor the willingness of the agency to grow and improve. 2) Establishing client ownership of covenants early in implementation is essential: The Bank needs to foster an understanding of and appreciation for the rationale behind the covenant. A good example is the covenant on water tariff increases. Despite the covenant, some local governments gave various reasons for not implementing it. But in one city, after a series of discussions, an understanding was reached with the client that the tariff increase was essential for the sustainability of the PDAM's operations. As a result, the tariff was increased beyond the minimum level required under the covenant. 3) Integrated urban development projects are suitable for secondary cities (less than 1 million). The integrated approach can be useful in addressing urban development issues in a comprehensive manner. This is even more valid now in the decentralized environment of Indonesia. 4) Participation and consultation with the beneficiaries significantly increase ownership of the investments. The Bank and local governments should invest the necessary time and resources to build the beneficiary's understanding of and appreciation for the project investments. In the case of the sewerage schemes in Banjamasin and Balikpapan, significant time was invested to educate and increase the understanding of the beneficiaries the citizens themselves resulting in their strong support for the investments. 5) Facilitation role of Bank missions. To accommodate significant circumstantial changes such as those experienced by Indonesia during this project, the role of Bank missions will necessarily have to stretch well beyond traditional supervision. As part of supervision, the Bank team, all Jakarta office staff, took the time to meet with each city's parliament and explain the various project issues, covenants and requirements, and was, in general, warmly welcomed by both the implementing agencies and the parliaments. These efforts were instrumental to maintaining project implementation momentum during the crisis.


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Implementation Completion and Results Report

  • Report Number


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  • Country


  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Doc Name

    Indonesia - Kalimantan Urban Development Project

  • Keywords

    Economic Internal Rate of Return;Land Acquisition and Resettlement;vehicle operating cost;national development planning;increase in land value;access to essential service;institutional development technical assistance;access to urban service;wastewater collection and treatment;transmission and distribution network;biochemical oxygen demand;solid waste disposal site;construction of transfer station;unaccounted for water;Solid Waste Management;quality at entry;raw water supply;final disposal site;quality of work;operations and maintenance;institutional development impact;medium-term expenditure;urban poverty reduction;water supply component;principal performance ratings;reduction in flood;local government ownership;number of workers;implementation of law;ratings of bank;payment of dividend;flood protection sector;outputs by components;septic tank sludge;Exchange Rates;water treatment plant;sludge treatment;urban road network;investment in rehabilitation;subsidiary loan;local government capacity;raw water mains;human waste disposal;solid waste collection;institutional capacity building;strategic urban plans;provision of road;cost of production;provision of infrastructure;construction of infrastructure;low growth rate;negative environmental impact;water supply distribution;travel time saving;urban health condition;piped water supply;water pollution control;poverty alleviation program;community septic tank;institutional capacity assessment;shortage of funds;lack of incentive;privatization of service;average daily traffic;Environmental Mitigation Plan;



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Indonesia - Kalimantan Urban Development Project (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.