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Household cooking fuel choice and adoption of improved cookstoves in developing countries : a review (English)

Improving access to affordable and reliable energy services for cooking is essential for developing countries in reducing adverse human health and environmental impacts hitherto caused by burning of traditional biomass. This paper reviews empirical studies that analyze choices of fuel and adoption of improved stoves for cooking in countries where biomass is still the predominant cooking fuel. The review highlights the wide range of factors that influence households’ cooking fuel choices and adoption of improved stoves, including socioeconomic (access and availability, collection costs and fuel prices, household income, education and awareness), behavioral (food tastes, lifestyle), and cultural and external factors (indoor air pollution, government policies). The paper also summarizes the evidence on the significant adverse health impacts from exposure to indoor smoke, especially among women and young children. In low-income households, perceived health benefits of adopting improved stoves and financial benefits from fuel savings tend to be outweighed by the costs of improved stoves, even after accounting for the opportunity cost of time spent collecting biomass fuel. The paper identifies knowledge and evidence gaps on the success of policies and programs designed to scale up the adoption of improved cookstoves.


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    Malla,Dr. Sunil, Timilsina,Govinda R.

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    Policy Research Working Paper

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    The World Region,

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    Household cooking fuel choice and adoption of improved cookstoves in developing countries : a review

  • Keywords

    cooking fuel;biomass;Energy;solid fuel;household cooking;biogas;access to modern energy service;modern fuel;household income;age of head of household;Demographic and Health Survey;consumption;final energy demand;impact of climate change;Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;availability of fuel supply;total household energy consumption;types of energy source;male head of household;female head of household;household level panel data;fuel choice;rural area;types of fuel;Access to Electricity;fuelwood consumption;traditional biomass;modern cooking fuels;global climate change;modern energy source;development research group;fuel cost saving;indoor air pollution;level of consumption;health benefit;conversion efficiency;residential sector;empirical study;Forests and Ecosystems;improvements in health;availability of energy;impact on health;crop residue use;high quality fuel;cost benefit analysis;lack of supply;price of fuel;alternative cooking fuel;increasing opportunity costs;adoption of technology;particulate organic matter;lack of communication;diversification of fuel;social and environmental;exposure to smoke;lack of knowledge;renewable energy source;high energy content;biomass energy use;collecting biomass fuel;choice of fuel;household energy use;total energy requirement;adverse health impact;household energy demand;black carbon emission;increase in income;adverse pregnancy outcome;rural poor household;income generating activity;toxic air pollutant;global energy mix;burning fossil fuel;outdoor air pollution;forms of energy;chronic respiratory disease;per capita income;fuel use;residential coal;fuelwood collection;cooking stove;fuel price;cooking practice;socio-economic factor;household size;forest reserve;cleaner fuel;environmental benefit;external factor;building sector;traditional stove;animal dung;household survey;cultural factor;traditional fuel;premature death;burning biomass;



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Malla,Dr. Sunil Timilsina,Govinda R.

Household cooking fuel choice and adoption of improved cookstoves in developing countries : a review (English). Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6903 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.