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Multidimensional Poverty, Gender, and Forced Displacement : A Multi-Country, Intrahousehold Analysis in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)

This paper examines multidimensional poverty among forcibly displaced populations, using a gendered lens. Although past studies have explored poverty in forcibly displaced contexts, and others have looked at the relationship between multidimensional poverty and gender, none has brought together these three issues—multidimensional poverty, forcibly displaced persons, and gender. A tailored measure of multidimensional poverty is developed and applied for refugees and internally displaced populations in five Sub-Saharan African settings substantially affected by forced displacement—Ethiopia, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan. The gendered analysis builds on prior analysis of the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) by examining individual-level deprivations of women and men in forcibly displaced households and host communities, as well as synthesizing intrahousehold dynamics of multidimensional poverty in forcibly displaced communities. The results provide insights into the educational constraints of boys and girls living in forcibly displaced households, the labor market inequalities experienced by men and women in these communities, and their differential access to legal documentation and employment as part and parcel of the forced displacement experience.


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    Admasu,Yeshwas, Alkire,Sabina, Scharlin-Pettee,Sophie

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    Policy Research Working Paper

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    Multidimensional Poverty, Gender, and Forced Displacement : A Multi-Country, Intrahousehold Analysis in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Keywords

    intrahousehold inequality; years of schooling; Gender Gap; Displaced Population; gender gap in education; poor household; female-headed household; access to quality education; Gender-Based Violence; refugee-hosting country; source of drinking water; complete primary education; million people; primary school completion; conflict and violence; early marriage; households with child; gender difference; forced displacement; Host Communities; displaced child; free primary schooling; differential in poverty; universal basic education; primary school age; country of origin; disadvantage for woman; ownership of asset; disadvantage of girls; multidimensional poverty index; human rights violation; experience of poverty; high poverty rate; difference in poverty; poverty and gender; age at marriage; poverty among woman; Internally Displaced People; Access to Education; indicators for child; incidence of poverty; access to land; financial security; school attendance; individual level; population share; poverty status; pregnancy care; boy girls; displaced person; school-age child; in school; household composition; Poverty Measurement; health indicator; female population; poverty gap; weight indicator; internal displacement; household characteristic; household head; home country; point gap; political instability; refugee community; home countries; poor child; headcount ratio; food insecurity; sample design



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Admasu,Yeshwas Alkire,Sabina Scharlin-Pettee,Sophie

Multidimensional Poverty, Gender, and Forced Displacement : A Multi-Country, Intrahousehold Analysis in Sub-Saharan Africa (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 9823 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.