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Gender and climate change in Bangladesh the role of institutions in reducing gender gaps in adaptation program (English)

This study on Bangladesh was undertaken to analyze the gender dimensions of climate change and the role of institutions in reducing gender gaps. The study was carried out in 20 sites covering 600 households, from March 2010 to May 2011, using both qualitative and quantitative instruments. This note is organized into five sections. The next section gives an overview of climate change and the gender and institutional context in Bangladesh. The third section presents the key study findings and is divided into three subsections: site- and household-specific vulnerabilities; analysis of gender dimensions of climate change using the household data and four propositions; and description of institutional challenges and gaps in supporting the resilience of women and men. Section four provides examples of adaptation programs in Bangladesh, and section five provides recommendations for enhancing gender-responsive adaptive capacity in Bangladesh.

Details

  • Author

    Ahmad, Nilufar

  • Document Date

    2012/03/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper (Numbered Series)

  • Report Number

    67820

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2012/04/03

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Gender and climate change in Bangladesh the role of institutions in reducing gender gaps in adaptation program

  • Keywords

    adaptive capacity;vulnerability to climate change;Primary and Secondary Education;impact of climate change;equal number of women;early marriage for girls;infant and child mortality;adaptive capacity of households;public sector service providers;ngos and civil society;Adaptation to Climate Change;economic opportunities for woman;rural area;sea level rise;access to information;control over resources;climate change program;years of schooling;school enrollment rate;disaster risk management;negative health impacts;poor maternal health;women in development;extremely poor household;risk and vulnerability;local level institutions;incidence conflict;school to work;lack of sanitation;access to property;vulnerability of woman;public service provider;sale of land;urban poverty line;types of capital;climate change adaptation;knowledge on gender;global climate change;traditional gender roles;successful adaptation strategy;opportunity for woman;long-term climate change;exposure to risk;access to water;bathing and toileting;national poverty level;ocean surface temperature;lack of privacy;cost of living;health care service;high population density;care for child;difficulties due;number of victims;formal banking system;ratio of male;poor rural household;average monthly income;analysis of gender;urinary tract infection;land erosion;urban woman;quantitative survey;Natural Resources;climate variability;gender dimension;adaptation program;natural disaster;Gender Equality;natural hazard;adaptation support;Gender Gap;women migrant;Disaster Management;natural capital;asset base;field work;survey results;analytical approach;Gender Inequality;gender inequalities;field data;human capital;disaster preparedness;external stress;adaptive strategy;high vulnerability;financial capital;urban household;professional association;adult woman;coastal area;household data;skill development;storm surge;wealth ranking;community level;income generation;climate event;household food;greater access;climate hazard;salinity intrusion;Climate Risk;climatic events;rural counterpart;urban sample;social network;household size;educated woman;flash flood;Social Welfare;Domestic Abuse;survey site;household module;rural woman;sanitation facility;survey household;gender difference;family responsibility;longer distance;urban slum;young woman;young girl;social factor;active engagement;short supply;young age;female ratio;household expense;urban land;fuel collection;community activity;Higher Education;fuelwood collection;household income;indigenous woman;income earning;equal numbers;health agencies;increased income;equal access;male relative;extension service;productive asset;urban migrant;physical violence;sex segregation;General Administration;information gathering;restricted access;agriculture extension;garment factories;electronic device;domestic laborer;school closure;community base;water collection;global experience;adaptive mechanisms;affected population;small area;smaller number;asset loss;affected communities;household affect;coping measures;household asset;tube wells;gender characteristic;quantitative data;gender parity;social forestry;microfinance service;older woman;administrative structure;vulnerable area;vertical linkage;qualitative data;exposure risk;survey area;institutional context;socioeconomic factors;riparian country;river system;heavy rain;monsoon season;drought conditions;climatic risk;arable land;recovery effort;local population;ethnic community;random sampling;qualitative instrument;life history;focus group;informant interviews;harvest activity;rural livelihood;garment worker;domestic servant;institutional constraint;health challenge;double burden;poverty incidence;field visits;migration issues;weather variability;hilly area;local development;power relation;bargaining power;education opportunity;long-term impact;study area;poor migrant;city slum;scarce resource;educational authority;property right;school sanitation;traditional norm;local adaptation;tidal surges

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Citation

Ahmad, Nilufar

Gender and climate change in Bangladesh the role of institutions in reducing gender gaps in adaptation program (English). Social development papers ; no. 126. Social inclusion Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/559391468340182699/Gender-and-climate-change-in-Bangladesh-the-role-of-institutions-in-reducing-gender-gaps-in-adaptation-program