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Pathways to reducing poverty and sharing prosperity in India : lessons from the last two decades (English)

India is uniquely placed to help reduce global poverty and boost prosperity. The country has the largest number of poor people in the world, as well are the largest number of people who have recently escaped poverty. There is an emerging middle class but the majority of people are still vulnerable to falling back into poverty. What lessons do the past two decades offer for what it will take for the country to sustain progress and bring about deeper changes? This synthesis brings together the key insights from extensive and in-depth research conducted by the World Bank on India’s experience in reducing poverty and sharing prosperity over the last two decades. The beginning chapter of the synthesis offers an overview of the trends in living standards and mobility in India. This is followed by a chapter on the main drivers of poverty reduction. The third chapter sheds light on some of the gaps India needs to fill for sustaining mobility and spreading prosperity more widely.

Details

  • Author

    Narayan,Ambar

  • Document Date

    2016/01/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    106902

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    India,

  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2017/03/26

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Pathways to reducing poverty and sharing prosperity in India : lessons from the last two decades

  • Keywords

    rural area;female labor force participation;access to basic service;population living in poverty;rate of poverty reduction;progress towards gender equality;household consumption per capita;vulnerable social group;access to drinking water;low-income states;Access to Electricity;large urban areas;source of income;expenditure per capita;source income;reduction in poverty;consumption growth rate;per capita consumption;living standard;higher consumption levels;high poverty rate;pace of urbanization;infant mortality rate;Human Development Practice;seminars and workshops;complete secondary school;terms of trade;social protection program;share of transfer;gender equality perspective;investment in children;determinants of poverty;correlates of poverty;growth in population;number of jobs;change in poverty;official poverty line;international poverty line;global power;jobs in agriculture;elasticity of poverty;urban farmer;Escape from poverty;increase in population;quality of job;lack of asset;decline in poverty;education and health;share of employment;upward mobility;middle class;regular job;real wage;urban growth;population group;labor earning;Rural Growth;poor household;escape poverty;household level;catchment area;open defecation;demographic dividend;tertiary sector;household survey;farm sector;state share;job growth;household expenditure;construction sector;agricultural activity;Rural Poor;vulnerable group;national account;indian states;working-age women;indian population;wage employment;rural place;farm employment;household income;daily expenditure;headcount index;job security;global poverty;sectoral composition;prices increase;economic reform;working age;labor supply;poverty trend;rural economy;average consumption;income source;income growth;labor demand;standard indicator;private consumption;international standard;Wage Compression;Demographic Transition;household composition;wage increase;rural man;wage gap;spatial patterns;social exclusion;consumption base;labor productivity;earnings increase;urban location;average household;employment growth;short-term contract;short term contract;household characteristic;commodity price;urbanization process;household endowments;domestic price;agricultural product;female adult;high wage;income effect;works program;age cohort;private contractor;casual work;traditional society;working-age population;farm jobs;farming jobs;young age;small villages;family farm;disaggregated level;underweight rates;poor hygiene;tackling poverty;construction boom;absolute change;secondary sector;rapid urbanization;locality population;Population Density;consumption threshold;improved sanitation;tap water;Real estate;Community Services;urban household;Public Services;Population Change;Health Service;consumption expenditure;education attainment;consumption poverty;primary sector;individual household;incidence curve;large population;poverty status;casual worker;urban sprawl;urban poor;asset poor;motor car;subsidiary right;household fall;noncommercial purposes;land owner;absolute poverty;lackluster performance;

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Citation

Narayan,Ambar

Pathways to reducing poverty and sharing prosperity in India : lessons from the last two decades (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/559851468910056173/Pathways-to-reducing-poverty-and-sharing-prosperity-in-India-lessons-from-the-last-two-decades