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Issues and problems in planning and implementing industrial location policies in Korea : a planner's view (English)

The author, an active participant in urban and regional planning in Korea, summarizes the rationale behind the industrial decentralization policies pursued by the Korean government and illustrates key issues encountered by government officials in implementing the policies. Then, using the results of several sample surveys of firms relocated from Seoul the author analyzes the difficulties faced by the firms and draws some lessons from policy planning and implementation experiences.

Details

  • Author

    Won-Yong Kwon

  • Document Date

    1985/12/31

  • Document Type

    Journal Article

  • Report Number

    REP386

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Korea, Republic of

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/12

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Issues and problems in planning and implementing industrial location policies in Korea : a planner's view

  • Keywords

    industrial relocation;industrial location;land use control;sale of land;high technology industry;raw material supply;urban development strategy;industrial site;transfer of right;government financial resources;machinery and equipment;colleges and university;public open space;rapid population growth;concentration of population;government financial support;intensive land use;Water and Energy;government policy maker;amount of loan;distribution of population;national economic growth;lack of investment;tax exemption facility;amount of investment;dispersion of population;land use practice;cost of training;water resource development;natural resource preservation;public service provision;amount of land;land use efficiency;implications for development;direct government intervention;Industrial Estate;primate city;legal provision;Zoning Ordinance;land speculation;Manufacturing;relocation policy;manufacturing establishment;land price;relocation program;factory premises;survey results;urban service;pollution problem;decentralization policy;urban population;Property tax;city government;residential area;policy tool;medical facility;government system;community facility;water quality;dual system;public use;firm size;moving expense;agricultural land;registration tax;access road;settlement policy;skilled manpower;city plan;fiscal instrument;financial problem;regional disparity;spatial development;fringe area;national defense;urban study;incentive measure;Parking Lot;conceptual framework;urban growth;market access;physical planning;land purchase;Land Ownership;living condition;city planner;cheap labor;womens group;recreational facility;protection standards;administrative level;government power;freight movement;government control;urban economy;water program;selection criterion;administrative decentralization;cement product;plant location;classification scheme;density development;City Management;rural industrialization;Cultural House;social infrastructure;public park;university campuses;central administration;national population;urbanization process;distribution center;industrial premises;International Trade;adequate infrastructure;investment potential;large enterprise;information service;agglomeration economy;information center;government body;localization economies;government effort;population size;housing problem;price incentive;childrens education;family size;random sample;efficient coordination;chemical product;economic recession;political instability;plant level;scarce resource;Headquarter Offices;Commuting Services;information issues;market failure;government directive;industrial growth;government location;comparative advantage;compulsory measures;human settlement;commuter bus;policy work;lighting systems;corporate tax;local industry;tax incentive;production line;government incentive;industrial equipment;financial difficulties;Wage Subsidies;wage subsidy;legal basis;Job Creation;absolute decline;urban problem;population concentration;transfer tax;urban system;Electric Power;spatial concentration;spatial distribution;bank deposit;price system;daily consumption;concentration ratio;political problem;conflict situation;basic infrastructure;Natural Resources;livestock farming;national policy;capital gain;Migration Policies;macro economic;national economy;administrative coordination;institutional framework;employment opportunity;employment opportunities;government decentralization;local economy;urban hierarchy;spatial strategy;central city;positive outcome;heavy investment;big city;regional equity;local industrial;migratory flows;government administration;transportation network;zoning regulation;management strategy;population issue;education facility;suburban area;urban sprawl;policy formulation;green belt;statistical yearbook;administrative support;government law;relocation cost;tax policy;initial investment;excessive agglomeration;tax concession;firm survey;clean industry;environmental degradation;rising demand;spatial structure;urban region

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Citation

Won-Yong Kwon

Issues and problems in planning and implementing industrial location policies in Korea : a planner's view (English). World Bank reprint series ; no. REP 386 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/560921468292514607/Issues-and-problems-in-planning-and-implementing-industrial-location-policies-in-Korea-a-planners-view