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Sudan infrastructure : a continental perspective (English)

Improvements in infrastructure in all parts of Sudan in recent years have had a strong impact on per capita growth, contributing 1.7 percentage points. Consistent with trends in other countries, the information and communication (ICT) revolution that swept Africa contributed the most to Sudan. Raising the infrastructure endowment of all parts of Sudan to that of the region's best performer, Mauritius, could boosts annual growth by about 3.5 percentage points. Sudan has invested heavily in infrastructure in recent years, with some notable achievements. Power generation capacity tripled in just a few years, rising from around 800 megawatts (MW) in 2005 to 2,687MW in 2007, with a shift toward hydropower. Nevertheless, service reliability remains an issue. In ICT, Sudan has made enormous strides in liberalizing the sector and as a result has attracted significant private capital. Mobile penetration soared from less than 1 percent in 2000 to 33 percent in 2009. Recent connectivity to an undersea fiber-optic cable has led to expansions in access, improvements in quality, and reduction in prices. Looking ahead, Sudan's most pressing infrastructure challenges lie in the water and transport sectors. Sudan's infrastructure development has so far had a national focus, and there is much that remains to be done to achieve greater regional integration. While internal road corridors are developed, connectivity with neighbors is largely absent. Sudan has a natural gateway to the sea through Port Sudan but the port's performance is severely hindered by long dwell times, high costs, and capacity constraints. Looking further ahead, Sudan has the potential to be a major hydropower exporter if additional capacity could be developed and transmission links with neighboring Nile Basin countries strengthened.

Details

  • Author

    Ranganathan, Rupa Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia

  • Document Date

    2011/06/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    64738

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Africa,

  • Region

    Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2011/10/03

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Sudan infrastructure : a continental perspective

  • Keywords

    water and sanitation program;information and communication technology;water supply and sanitation;average annual daily traffic;data collection and analysis;international aviation safety assessment;maintenance of water supply;efficiency of transport;collection of bill;sources of water;power and water;vehicles per day;gross domestic product;length of road;markets in africa;arable land area;number of seats;national policy maker;air transport sector;delivery of cargo;Natural Resource Wealth;access to sanitation;expansion of capacity;kilometers of road;allocation of oil;urban road network;customs clearance process;barrier to entry;time for receipt;increase in capacity;air transport market;kilometers per hour;infrastructure project finance;Country Program Coordinator;global best practice;funding gap;infrastructure sector;dwell time;water utility;road density;water utilities;infrastructure spending;paved road;Natural Resources;hidden cost;freight tariff;rainy season;capacity constraint;agricultural value;national network;private investment;infrastructure challenge;road sector;regional infrastructure;agricultural potential;public expenditure;border delays;sanitation indicators;operational indicator;water resource;modern fuel;congestion problem;road traffic;Capital Investments;road quality;rural connectivity;peer group;multimodal transport;urban roads;Air Safety;piped water;surface water;potential contribution;open defecation;infrastructure needs;unpaved road;international gateway;sanitation access;global standard;mobile penetration;petroleum price;flush toilet;reservation system;safe water;traditional latrine;water technology;census data;steep decline;transport cost;fee payment;installed capacity;government oversight;inadequate infrastructure;moving goods;development partner;crossing border;undersea cable;negative effect;riparian country;border crossing;corridor condition;agricultural product;average performance;donor finance;internal transport;fund accounting;safety audit;seat capacity;power consumption;Rain forest;international travel;charter airline;industrial activity;power tariff;market concentration;market power;container terminal;direct flight;regulatory oversight;power production;existing tariffs;spatial distribution;tank trucks;heavy truck;profit margin;truck transport;social infrastructure;geopolitical events;financial resource;present analysis;global estimate;resource revenue;road surfacing;oil production;oil resource;independent country;empirical evidence;mobile telephony;Infrastructure Finance;feeder port;private finance;optic cable;water investment;regional context;internet bandwidth;investment finance;capital spending;distribution loss;infrastructure funding;Sanitation Services;infrastructure endowment;International Phone Call;submarine cable;private capital;road corridor;improved sanitation;investment target;financial flow;rural area;spatial analysis;sector specialist;operational efficiency;academic circles;legal requirement;agricultural land;productive area;physical infrastructure;regional connectivity;provincial capitals;regional network;feeder line;rural transportation infrastructure;subsidiary right;basic connectivity;road length;rural accessibility;urban accessibility;port authority;ticket sale;european commission;international standard;power utilities;investment need;fiscal cost;comparator country;methodological issue;financial datum;short-term fluctuation;power utility;applicable law;dollar term;improved water;maritime trade;global benchmark;road deterioration;average share;transport facility;port congestion;container traffic;Oil Pipeline;labor requirement;dock labor;designing policy;national grid;donor support;inadequate fund;road maintenance;net result;road condition;infrastructure service;preventive maintenance;agricultural production;efficient port;freight cost;customs fee;primary reason;efficiency gap;administrative cost;Learning and Innovation Credit;aid flow;regional aggregates;arterial route

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Citation

Ranganathan, Rupa Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia

Sudan infrastructure : a continental perspective (English). Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD) country report Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/561781468202137788/Sudan-infrastructure-a-continental-perspective