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The Economic and Social Impact of COVID-19 : Air Pollution Challenges (English)

This Regular Economic Report (RER) on air pollution challenges shows how the macroeconomic impact affects the people, and discusses the social impact of COVID-19 in the Western Balkans.


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    Europe and Central Asia,

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    The Economic and Social Impact of COVID-19 : Air Pollution Challenges

  • Keywords

    letter to the editor; ambient air quality; School of Public Health; price elasticity of demand; air quality management program; ischemic heart disease; residential heating; source of income; global air pollution; source income; air pollution source; air pollution concentrations; air quality improvement; transboundary air pollution; air quality regulation; ambient air pollution; management of air; source of pollution; air pollution exposure; case study example; air pollution reduction; regional air pollution; billion people; cost of illness; lower respiratory illness; High Blood Pressure; health risk factors; hazardous air pollutant; air pollution data; demand for good; investments in infrastructure; toxic pollution; transboundary pollution; road transport; pulmonary disease; case fatality; respiratory disease; Social Protection; heating fuel; health burden; pandemic period; transmission dynamic; winter season; health damage; Public Transport; social distance; cold winter; macroeconomic impact; remote sensing; respiratory tract; small industry; atmospheric environment; respiratory system; future outbreaks; differentiated impact; satellite observations; emission policy; graphic design; art exhibition; personal vehicle; labor productivity; young adult; regional collaboration; building form; causal impact; literary works; tobacco smoking; Drug use; interior design; graphic designer; lung cancer; associated health; chronic lung; longer distance; hospital stay; high unemployment; environmental health; tropical medicine; domestic investment; atmospheric pollution; environmental pollution; therapeutic measures; private household; principal source; ecologic study; income opportunity; electric bus; household trash; private vehicle; bus transport; ultraviolet radiation; employment impact; enhancing access; steel industry; pollution level; meteorological factors; northern hemisphere; heating system; dry weather; public discourse; transparent communication; long-term exposure; pollution emission; behavioral aspects; world regions; mitigation measure; polluted areas; research phase; scientific finding; hospital admission; limited information; respiratory condition; vehicle exhaust; mitigation investment; emission source; organic chemical; household use; heating source; solid fuel; economic hardship; high share; Financial Sector; nitrogen dioxide; Transport Systems; Economic Policy; vehicle fleet; fine particle; environmental degradation; respiratory health; governance issue; environmental influence; inadequate law; oecd countries; emission inventory; diesel exhaust; premature death



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The Economic and Social Impact of COVID-19 : Air Pollution Challenges (English). Western Balkans Regular Economic Report,no. 17 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.