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The Level Playing Field : Business of Weather, Water, and Climate Services (English)

Efforts to improve weather and climate services involve both public and private actors in the meteorological value chain governed by two determinants, to protect society from the impact of extreme meteorological and hydrological events and to increase economic activity in range of weather sensitive sectors. As well as the public tasks of the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) such as public safety, some governments increasingly expect their agencies to provide a return on capital employed by competing for commercial services with the private sector. While this has largely been an issue in developed economies, governments in many low- and middle-income countries are considering similar approaches without necessarily understanding the impact on their nascent meteorological services markets. This poses many risks, the biggest of which are the disruption and distortion of the market through anticompetitive practices that can stymie its growth and reduce benefits to the economy, and an overemphasis on commercial activities that can detract from the public tasks of the NMHS mandate. Therefore, creating a level playing field on which both public and private actors can operate and compete is critical. This technical note highlights some of the benefits of competition to both the private and public sectors and provides recommendations on what policy and structural reforms are needed to develop the business of weather, water, and climate services.


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    Rogers,David, Tsirkunov,Vladimir V., Thorpe,Alan John, Bogdanova,Anna-Maria, Suwa,Makoto, Md Kootval,Haleh Kootval, Hodgson,Stephen, Staudinger,Michael

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    The World Region,

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    The Level Playing Field : Business of Weather, Water, and Climate Services

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    Ownership Share Type; international public sector accounting standard; legal and regulatory framework; commercial service; public body; meteorological service; small and medium enterprise; commercial activity; water; Competition Law; private sector service providers; policy and structural reform; high-quality public service; air traffic control service; civil service pay scale; Drivers of Economic Growth; value-added services; economic benefits of weather; Return on Capital Employed; meteorological data; Public Sector Undertakings; weather services; Open Data; cost of service; state-owned enterprise; global public good; numerical weather prediction; provision of service; return on investment; weather data; private sector actors; sale of service; corporate tax revenue; national meteorological service; benefit to society; production of value; application programming interface; transfer of skill; sustainable development goals; behavior of firms; central government department; process competition; existing business; internet of things; public service provision; state owned enterprise; cost recovery measure; private sector work; intellectual property rights; state aid control; climate change conditions; allocation of cost; right of access; domestic competition; ministries of environment; law and regulation; state regulatory body; cost recovery basis; body of law; open data policy; interests of consumer; issue of access; transfer of control; limits to growth; legal framework governing; gross domestic product; public sector service; benefits of competition; Water Services; value chain; Public Services; climate services; private company; legal personality; fair competition; private actor; cost center; new business; meteorological authority; competitive market; own revenues; public entity; academic sector; new entrant; open market; Public Goods; Antitrust Law; hydrological data; state budget; market economy; national regulator; potential liability; private law; natural monopolies; public law; nascent market; high resolution; hydrological service; environmental matters; formal policy; binding regulation; accrual accounting; Open Government; international agreement; regulatory instrument; public goals; standard practice; digital economy; public safety; data service; government entity; commercial revenue; weather forecast; commercial market



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Rogers,David Tsirkunov,Vladimir V. Thorpe,Alan John Bogdanova,Anna-Maria Suwa,Makoto Md Kootval,Haleh Kootval Hodgson,Stephen Staudinger,Michael

The Level Playing Field : Business of Weather, Water, and Climate Services (English). Public and Private Engagement in Hydromet Services Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.