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Vietnam - Three Cities Sanitation Project (English)

Ratings for the Three Cities Sanitation Project for Vietnam were as follows: outcomes were satisfactory, the risk to development outcome was moderate, Bank performance was satisfactory, and Borrower performance was also satisfactory. Some lessons learned included: 1) the project successfully introduced the concept of user pay in the sector. However, cost recovery targets proved to be too ambitious and did not adequately account for the slow pace of change in the legal framework and the risk of economic crisis slowing plans to raise fees; 2) slow uptake of house connections by households in the project areas has reduced the efficacy of the sewerage system installed under the project. Future project should consider working with the Government to include house connections as part of the civil works; 3) future projects working at a sub-national level need to address the issue of protracted delays in the approval of contracts, compensation and site clearances. Strong commitment by local government is critical; 4) these firms need to have not only technical expertise/financial ability but also contractual management/project management capacity. Adequate resources need to be mobilized for achieving satisfactory performance; and 5) the valuable lessons on building the capability and services of sanitation and drainage companies need to be captured in a systematic manner to guide future projects.

Details

  • Document Date

    2009/06/25

  • Document Type

    Implementation Completion and Results Report

  • Report Number

    ICR793

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Vietnam,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2009/07/21

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Vietnam - Three Cities Sanitation Project

  • Keywords

    basic urban services, billing, Biochemical Oxygen Demand, BOD, CITIES, collection activities, collection trucks, combined sewers, commercialization, communicable diseases, compactors, connection, Construction, Cost Benefit Analysis, cost savings, Description, desludging, Drainage, drains, drinking water, Economic Analysis, economic development, Economics, effective sanitation, effective strategy, efficient operation, Electricity, emissions, Engineer, Environmental, Environmental Management, Environmental policies, environmental protection, environmental sanitation, female, flood control, Gender, Groundwater, house connections, household connections, Household Sanitation, households, hygiene, inadequate sanitation, incidence of water, income, inflation, institutional change, interceptor sewers, intervention, interventions, investment in water supply, lakes, leachate, leachate treatment, legislation, litter, living conditions, local authorities, market prices, Natural Resources, neighborhoods, number of household connections, Operation & Maintenance, opportunity costs, Oxygen, pipelines, pipes, pits, Pollution, pond, Present Value, private costs, productivity, public health, public participation, public toilets, public utilities, pumping stations, quality Water, rapid urbanization, receiving waters, regulatory framework, Resettlement, rivers, rural areas, Rural Development, safe disposal, safety, sanitary landfill, sanitary landfills, SANITATION, sanitation facilities, Sanitation Management, sanitation schemes, sanitation sector, sanitation service, sanitation services, savings, septic tank, septic tank emptying, septic tank sludge, septic tanks, sewage, sewage collection, sewage systems, sewage treatment, Sewerage, sewerage connections, Sewers, sludge, sludge removal, sludge treatment, Solid Waste, solid waste collection, Solid Waste Management, solid waste management equipment, Solid Waste Management Technical Assistance, streams, Suspended Solids, Sustainable Development, tariff rates, toilet, traffic, transfer stations, treated wastewater, urban areas, Urban Development, urban environment, urban environments, urban growth, urban infrastructure, urban population, urban residents, urban sanitation, Urban Services, urbanization, user charges, Wages, waste management equipment, waste water, wastewater, wastewater charge, wastewater collection, wastewater systems, wastewater treatment, wastewater treatment facilities, wastewater treatment plants, water bills, water pollution, water quality, Water Supply, water tariff, Water Treatment, Water Treatment Plant

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Citation

Vietnam - Three Cities Sanitation Project (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/569621468172792051/Vietnam-Three-Cities-Sanitation-Project