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Rethinking resource conflict (English)

Resource conflict is one of several destabilizing phenomena commonly cited as defining many of the extractive economies of the global south. In the post-cold war in which stability has become a key concern of international governance and investment it has also been an issue that has encouraged a proliferation of scholarly and policy interest. In these studies and policy discussions a large number of terms are now in use in an attempt to account for the complicated state of affairs faced by resource-rich countries in the global south: intractable conflicts, new wars, resource wars, complex political emergencies, conflict trap, resource securitization, petro-violence, blood diamonds (Collier 2005; Kaldor 1999; Kaplan 1994; Nafzinger and Auvinen 1996; Watts 2008). The consensus built between these different terminologies and theories is that an abundance of natural resources is frequently at the root of violent conflict. As a result general acceptance has been made of the existence of a paradox of plenty (Karl 1997) i.e. that the vast majority of conflict prone and war ravaged states in the global south, including those recently emerging from violent conflict, are extractive economies who are endowed with strategic natural and mineral resources yet cannot avert declining into debilitating violence and war. Equally puzzling for many scholars is the observation that while these states contribute essential inputs to the global economy, they largely remain underdeveloped and politically unstable with a sizeable majority of their citizens living on less than a dollar a day.

Details

  • Author

    McNeish, John-Andrew

  • Document Date

    2010/09/17

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    62052

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2011/06/06

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Rethinking resource conflict

  • Keywords

    Civil War;united nations framework convention on climate change;Natural Resources;natural resource abundance;absence of rule of law;Resource Curse;Oil, Gas and Mining;Reducing Emissions from Deforestation;participation in planning;local civil society organizations;Oil & Gas;resource rich countries;international community;political elite;Natural Resource Wealth;international commodity price;natural resource sector;corporate social responsibility;distribution of rent;degradation of forest;greenhouse gas emission;Diamonds;natural resource governance;real exchange rate;Natural Resource Management;foreign exchange supply;terms of trade;participatory water management;success and failure;poverty and conflict;Water and Land;alternative energy source;public choice theory;pattern of development;conflicts in africa;international civil society;civil society initiative;informal economic activity;source of revenue;international financial institution;source of income;source income;civil service staff;forest dwelling communities;redistribution of resource;lack of space;forest management policy;award of contract;growth and development;global civil society;resource-rich developing country;civil society group;social and environmental;conditional cash transfer;rights to land;form of violence;national pension scheme;loss of land;disclosure of revenues;degradation of soil;global water crisis;basic human right;price of commodities;ownership of mineral;competitive exchange rate;risk of conflict;indigenous people;armed groups;Violent Conflict;Indigenous Peoples;

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Citation

McNeish, John-Andrew

Rethinking resource conflict (English). World Development Report background papers ; 2011 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/577611468163483076/Rethinking-resource-conflict