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The Kurdistan region of Iraq : assessing the economic and social impact of the Syrian conflict and ISIS (English)

The Kurdistan Region of the Republic of Iraq (KRI) is a constitutionally recognized semiautonomous region in northern Iraq with a population of 5.1 million (2012 estimate). Its government (the KRG), based in Erbil, has the right, under the Iraqi constitution of 2005, to exercise legislative, executive, and judicial powers according to the constitution, except in what is listed therein as exclusive powers of the federal authorities. This ESIA report is organized in three chapters: (1) the macro fiscal impact of the crises, (2) the social development impact of the crises, and (3) the infrastructure impact of the crises. Under the macro fiscal impact of the crises, macroeconomic and fiscal implications are analyzed with a focus impact on trade in goods and services, the private sector, and financial services. The social development impact of the crises identified impact and stabilization costs in the health and education sectors, as well as for food security and agricultural livelihood, poverty and welfare, social assistance and labor, housing and shelter, and social cohesion and citizen security. The final chapter on the impact of the conflicts on infrastructure focuses on water and sanitation, solid waste management, and the energy and transportation sectors.


  • Author

    Abdallah,Lina Abdallah Saeed, Abdel Aziz,Teymour, Ali,Nazaneen Ismail, Ali,Soran Hama Tahir, Alkhoja,Ghassan N., Bahnson,Caroline, Dahdah,Said, Dajani,Ibrahim Khalil Zaki, Denizer,Ahmet Cevdet, Minatelli,Janet Lynn, Esen,Ferhat, Fotovat Ahmadi,Sepehr, Hart,Tracy, Jaffrin,Guillemette Sidonie, Jennings,Ray Salvatore, Jokanovic,Igor, Kamphuis,Bertine, Krishnan,Nandini, Kulaksiz,Sibel, Mattoo,Aaditya, Mcconaghy,Peter, Mobasher Fard,Shahrzad, Mofid,Nafie Mohammed, Neman,Ramzi Afif, Nikaein Towfighian,Samira, Olivieri,Sergio Daniel, Raad,Firas, Rabie,Tamer Samah, Raha,Shomikho, Talbi,Amal, Temurov,Mukim, Onder,Harun

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  • Country

    Syrian Arab Republic,


  • Region

    Middle East and North Africa,

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  • Doc Name

    The Kurdistan region of Iraq : assessing the economic and social impact of the Syrian conflict and ISIS

  • Keywords

    Internally Displaced Person;Global Program on Forced;water supply and sanitation system;private sector development specialist;small and medium enterprise;maternal and child health;access to public good;quality of public service;real economic growth rate;negative impact on growth;employment and unemployment;investment in wastewater infrastructure;social safety net program;lack of wastewater treatment;solid waste per day;wages and salary;primary health care;Solid Waste Management;senior procurement specialist;stabilization cost;consumer price index;domestic private sector;number of refugees;social protection program;movement of good;operations and maintenance;Host Communities;private sector activity;main trade route;international oil company;gdp growth rate;public distribution system;wastewater treatment infrastructure;price of fuel;trade in goods;macroeconomic and fiscal;reduction in budget;refined petroleum product;demand for water;wastewater treatment plant;natural population growth;standard of living;Internally Displaced People;indoor air pollution;delivery of health;Social Safety Nets;Portfolio at Risk;gasoline price increase;influx of refugees;physical capital stock;impact of shock;domestic energy demand;health system performance;central government budget;loss of revenue;light goods vehicle;public good provision;independent power producer;heavy goods vehicle;agriculture and livestock;barrels per day;provision of access;road and bridges;capital investment need;number of residents;burden of disease;service and infrastructure;privileges and immunity;trade and investment;access to finance;agriculture and service;power purchase agreement;international energy agency;capital spending;fiscal transfer;baseline scenario;construction sector;budget crisis;financial resource;adequate shelter;oil production;program leader;transit trade;trade flow;private expenditure;transportation sector;Water Demand;humanitarian crisis;public finance;Public Services;local economy;welfare impact;citizen security;displacement crisis;Civil War;alternative route;Financial Sector;regional market;microfinance sector;investment climate;Cash Transfer;international company;health specialist;oil output;aggregate demand;short period;sanitation situation;sanitary landfill;Fiscal Sustainability;increased demand;fiscal impact;international partners;population movement;Natural Resources;rapid assessment;potable water;iraqi dinar;environmental concern;job opportunities;job opportunity;fiscal space;municipal road;long-term strategy;response plan;regional crisis;fiscal crisis;military conflict;senior operations;transport specialist;federal budget;truck load;energy specialist;sectoral approach;sewage collection;physical facility;sewerage sector;investment budget;employment opportunity;total water;copyright owner;water sector;wage income;income loss;high trade;job loss;macroeconomic level;employment opportunities;transfer amount;socioeconomic conditions;upper bind;base year;quantitative data;market sources;oil sector;Public Spending;qualitative approach;capital budget;security environment;increasing share;security spending;humanitarian agency;local resident;comparative analysis;local funds;financing constraint;trade costs;welfare costs;financial cost;population increase;vulnerable population;social fabric;military force;Traffic Accident;construction material;teacher salary;sole responsibility;humanitarian relief;school material;livelihood support;school rehabilitation;refugee population;distinct phase;absorptive capacity;public building;social cohesion;social assistance;open cover;bottom-up approach;qualitative assessment;sectoral assessment;national account;domestic agriculture;tariff level;capital expenditure;electricity network;classroom expansion;microfinance industry;environmental specialist;transportation routes;Food Silo;food demand;food import;government support;government contract;budget support;international community;government expenditure;food insecurity



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Abdallah,Lina Abdallah Saeed Abdel Aziz,Teymour Ali,Nazaneen Ismail Ali,Soran Hama Tahir Alkhoja,Ghassan N. Bahnson,Caroline Dahdah,Said Dajani,Ibrahim Khalil Zaki Denizer,Ahmet Cevdet Minatelli,Janet Lynn Esen,Ferhat Fotovat Ahmadi,Sepehr Hart,Tracy Jaffrin,Guillemette Sidonie Jennings,Ray Salvatore Jokanovic,Igor Kamphuis,Bertine Krishnan,Nandini Kulaksiz,Sibel Mattoo,Aaditya Mcconaghy,Peter Mobasher Fard,Shahrzad Mofid,Nafie Mohammed Neman,Ramzi Afif Nikaein Towfighian,Samira Olivieri,Sergio Daniel Raad,Firas Rabie,Tamer Samah Raha,Shomikho Talbi,Amal Temurov,Mukim Onder,Harun

The Kurdistan region of Iraq : assessing the economic and social impact of the Syrian conflict and ISIS (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.