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Trade, global policy, and the environment (English)

This Discussion paper attempts to increase the level and scope of knowledge about the nexus between trade liberalization, and local and global environmental quality. Several chapters address these linkages, including the environmental and health effects of trade liberalization and consequent economic growth, the possible inverted U-shaped relationship between growth and emissions, and the effects of trade distortions and environmental policies on environmental damage from sectors such as horticulture and forestry. The chapters contribute to knowledge in three broad areas: the environmental effects of trade liberalization and growth, the "pollution-haven" hypothesis, and economic instruments for global environmental problems.


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    Fredricksson, Per G. [ editor ], Strutt, Anna, And

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    East Asia and Pacific,

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    Trade, global policy, and the environment

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    global policy;emission per unit of output;effect of trade;impact of trade liberalization;Environmental Policy;Environmental Impact of Trade;efficient use of resource;marginal cost of abatement;comparison of tax rates;trade and the environment;effects of trade liberalization;environmental regulation;income growth;preferential trading arrangements;industrial water pollution;world market price;effects of income;trade and growth;industrial pollution;environmental damage;export ratio;water pollution data;costs of emission;large scale farmer;net welfare gain;global environmental protection;power sector regulation;international environmental agreement;financial sector development;public education spending;Rural Travel and Transport;socialist market economy;water pollution intensity;environmental protection measures;aggregate social welfare;educational classroom use;climate change convention;per capita income;share of output;carbon emission reduction;multilateral environmental agreement;health care financing;barriers to movement;banking sector distress;source of energy;unilateral trade liberalization;long run elasticity;international energy agency;lowering trade barrier;fuel use efficiency;environmental tax policy;regional trade agreement;trade policy reform;severe environmental degradation;national environmental legislation;global environmental problem;import tariff rate;public health indicator;pollution control investment;demand for charcoal;global trading system;urban transport development;multilateral trade negotiation;foreign trade regulation;high growth rate;trade flow;comparative advantage;Trade Policies;health effect;land use;resource extraction;fuel price;pollution havens;output level;pollution effect;joint implementation;environmental cost;dirty industry;horticultural production;empirical result;pollution level;open trade;inverted-u relationship;manufacturing sector;liberalization program;economic integration;atmospheric pollution;metropolitan area;agricultural production;regression results;raw material;environmental reform;industrial sector;income increase;pollution abatement;total output;freer trade;health damage;base case;preferential tariff;descriptive statistic;trade regime;scale effect;increased trade;emission growth;relative price;economic instrument;input mix;policy tool;Natural Resources;empirical evidence;gasoline price;economic welfare;end-use energy;business school;large generator;factor endowment;atmospheric emission;water use;public good;pollution growth;dynamic effect;Social Protection;industrial economy;income range;sectoral impacts;cut off;dirty sectors;sectoral composition;simulation model;demographic change;coherent policy;environmental variable;poor farming;cheap energy;aquatic life;targeted credit;environmental outcome;increased openness;asian countries;urban consumer;Gasoline Tax;potential implication;empirical study;rural environment;trade distortion;general-equilibrium model;unilateral liberalization;social cost;preventive measure;income gain;tariff preference;relative magnitude;domestic price;sample period;kerosene subsidy;apparel sector;preferential trade;empirical findings;nonfarm sector;productive area;marginal effect;trade energy;environmental economics;fuel efficiency;energy-intensive product;price change;trade sanctions;international competition;plant location;trade pattern;double dividend;emission tax;telecommunications reform;risk taking;food subsidies;international agreement;negative effect;pollution emission;agricultural price;external barriers;enterprise survey;richer countries;industrial location;Energy Sector;living standard;subsidy reduction;non-governmental organization;environmental issue;health reform;environmental concern;government action;hazard model;oil product;emission datum;Investment companies;global production;increasing trade;stock market;investment program;international emissions;horticultural crop;average profitability;land area;implied value;fuel demand;transport cost



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Fredricksson, Per G. [ editor ] Strutt, Anna And

Trade, global policy, and the environment (English). World Bank discussion papers,no. WDP 402 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.