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Enhancing Opportunities for Clean and Resilient Growth in Urban Bangladesh : Country Environmental Analysis 2018 (English)

Bangladesh has sustained robust economic growth, led by industrial development and urbanization, for the past three decades. In tandem with its economic development, country has been increasingly urbanizing led by the massive growth of Dhaka, the nation’s capital. Yet urbanization and industrial growth have come with high environmental costs that are increasingly harming Bangladesh’s prospects for continued strong economic progress. Urban environmental pollution is already imposing a significant cost on the economy. Over the last decade, country has improved its policy regime and systems for environmental and pollution management, yet much more needs to be done to arrest the stark effects of pollution and environmental degradation on people’s health and economic productivity. Given the growing environmental challenges that Bangladesh’s cities face, this assessment focuses on the country’s urban areas. The report analyzes the impacts and causes of pollution levels and natural resource degradation in Dhaka and other rapidly growing cities. It updates the first assessment prepared over a decade ago with the aim of (i) better understanding the environmental challenges, trends, and implications of rapid economic growth in urban areas; and (ii) identifying paths toward cleaner and more climate resilient growth through technological changes and institutional, regulatory, and policy reforms. The analysis includes case studies at the city level, including the Greater Dhaka area and other cities of various sizes. Based on the analysis in this assessment, priorities for reform and investment should include the following: (i) enhancing environmental policy and institutions at the national level; (ii) enhancing environmental management at the local/ city level; (iii) strengthening the enforcement and accountability regime; (iv) leveraging market-based instruments to protect the environment and unlock green financing; (v) promoting resource-efficient and cleaner production as a tool for reconciling environmental performance with competitiveness; (vi) harnessing the power of public pressure.


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    Country Environmental Analysis (CEA)

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    South Asia,

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    Enhancing Opportunities for Clean and Resilient Growth in Urban Bangladesh : Country Environmental Analysis 2018

  • Keywords

    urban population; environmental degradation; arsenic in drinking water; Policy and Institutional Framework; annual number of death; small and medium enterprise; environmental health risk; cleaner production; roads and highway; United Nations Environment Programme; disability adjusted life years; international organization for standardization; School of Public Health; gross national income; sanitation and hygiene; indoor air pollution; Natural Resources; unsafe water; urbanization; persistent organic pollutant; heavy metal contamination; inadequate waste management; inadequate water; pollution control; lead exposure; environmental risk; promoting energy efficiency; Urban Water Supply; source of funding; damage to health; public interest litigation; environmental risk factor; polluter pays principle; urban agricultural activity; environmental waste management; initial environmental examination; risk of cancer; chronic respiratory disease; emissions from industry; export processing zone; environmental quality standard; natural resource degradation; difference in methodology; loss of wetland; public awareness effort; climate change strategy; accessibility of data; personal protective equipment; special economic zone; extraction of groundwater; multiple risk factors; environmental enforcement regime; biological oxygen demand; high population density; Water and Energy; drinking water quality; cost of illness; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon; income due; poor water quality; contamination of soil; hazardous waste management; ambient air pollution; urban environmental degradation; impacts on humans; alternative water source; population at risk; lack of accountability; adverse pregnancy outcome; effect of pollution; geographical information system; corporate social responsibility; amount of precipitation; access to land; gross domestic product; per capita income; environmental management system; demand for water; Urban Planning; drainage canal; urban development; young child; environmental cost; environmental externality; Environmental Policy; climate resilience; water pollution; indirect impact; premature death; solid fuel; wetland area; urban flood; land contamination; environmental consideration; critical ecosystem; long-term sustainability; industrial source; chemical pollution; environmental pollution; industrial growth; Cardiovascular Disease; fatty tissue; environmental challenge; Public-Private Dialogue; environmental environmental; water system; behavioral impact; polychlorinated biphenyl; metropolitan area; seasonal variation; effluent treatment; occupational risk; mortality risk; legal framework; healthy worker; green growth; civil society; pregnant woman; industrial area; brick kiln; estimation methodology; household use; water retention; Infectious Disease; lead-acid battery; public pressure; urban setting; fiscal instrument; protecting wetlands; research institution; national trust; cleaner technology; private investment; environmental performance; secondary city; increased investment; industrial cluster; managing wetlands; Health cost; green investment; regional waste; leather industry; Premature Birth; industrial establishments; urban household; average household; diesel exhaust; environmental hazard; modern risk; heavy gas; unsafe sanitation; Traffic Accident; road injury; natural capital; natural hazard; water column; nutritional status; photo credit; battery recycling; industrial chemicals; health condition; industrial pollutant; environmental strategy; dissolved oxygen; health effect; seasonal nature; monitoring stations; river water; household survey; international support; study including; pollution level; contaminated site; Capture Fishery; waste degradation; Environmental Planning; institution building; productive employment; export revenue; domestic population; educational material; primary source; environmental asset; urban wetlands; Resource Efficiency; soil pollution; social cost; enforcement agency



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Enhancing Opportunities for Clean and Resilient Growth in Urban Bangladesh : Country Environmental Analysis 2018 (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.