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Design of water consumption based water rights administration system for Turpan prefecture of Xinjiang China (English)

China's increasingly serious water crisis threatens to become a potentially limiting factor of future economic growth and national development. Turpan Prefecture, located in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, has a very arid climate. However, the naturally occurring scarce water resources have been exacerbated over the last decade by rapidly expanding commercial agriculture, particularly the irrigated agricultural development. This has led to a drastic overdraft of groundwater in Turpan's closed basin, threatening the sustainability of current water uses as well as the health of the ecosystem. The report is structured into chapters: the first chapter provides a background of the study and brief summary of its relations to the Xinjiang Turpan Water Conservation Project (XTWCP). The second chapter describes the water resources situation, developments and management with specific focus on the problems, constraints and weaknesses of the current water rights administration practices. The third chapter explains why an Evapotranspiration (ET) based Water Rights Administration System (WRAS) is appropriate to sustainably address the water management needs in Turpan Prefecture, the feasibility of the proposed approach drawing on similar experiences and legal/admistrative conditions in the United States, and the benefits that are expected for Turpan Prefecture government, water users and the ecosystem. Fourth chapter outlines the general and specific design of the proposed ET based WRAS framework with its three sub-systems set out in detail, and a discussion of legislative and administrative measures needed to support implementation of the proposed framework. Fifth chapter describes the pilot plan to test the proposed WRAS and synchronize it with the other activities. And the sixth chapter concludes the report, including reasons why this ET based approach.

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Design of water consumption based water rights administration system for Turpan prefecture of Xinjiang China (English). Water partnership program Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/588081468216268772/Design-of-water-consumption-based-water-rights-administration-system-for-Turpan-prefecture-of-Xinjiang-China