Skip to Main Navigation

Thailand environment monitor 2003 (English)

Solid and hazardous waste management is the focus of the Thailand Environment Monitor 2003. Solid and hazardous waste is a serious problem facing many of the urban and industrial areas of Thailand. In particular, there is a large untapped potential in recycling and waste reduction. Safe and effective municipal waste collection, treatment, and disposal systems are only just beginning to take shape in most areas of the country. Safe hazardous and infectious waste treatment and disposal systems need to be built to keep pace with the growth in waste generation. Sustainable financing for solid waste is still elusive, and government agencies are challenged by staffing limitations. The report assesses the status, trends, lessons, and challenges of solid and hazardous waste management in the country. The report is in six sections: Section 1 reviews Waste Generation in the country; Section 2 outlines Waste Reduction and Recycling practices; Sections 3 reviews Municipal Solid Waste, and Section 4 focuses on Industrial and Infectious Waste; Section 5 assesses Environmental Management in relation to the Legal Framework, Institutions, Plans, and current Expenditures. The concluding section of the report outlines the Challenges faced by Thailand.

Document also available in :  


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Thailand environment monitor 2003

  • Keywords

    Environment and Social Development;operation and maintenance cost;solid waste management activities;solid waste generation;hazardous waste recycling;hazardous waste generation;community waste;hazardous waste treatment;informal waste collection;waste generation rate;industrial waste treatment;hazardous waste management;operations and maintenance;public awareness campaign;cost of disposal;types of transactions;package of product;package product;waste management arrangement;waste management system;access to loan;environmentally sound technology;number of banks;quantity of waste;access to training;solid waste system;lead acid battery;greenhouse gas emission;poor residential areas;municipal waste collection;health and environment;rate of growth;consortium of university;source of financing;national government financing;local cost recovery;waste management service;national government agency;solid waste facility;private sector involvement;total waste generation;safe disposal facilities;national government budget;cost of incineration;accumulation of waste;poor waste collection;disposal site;disposal facility;environmental control;infectious waste;provincial capitals;open dump;personal communication;civil society;waste reduction;improper disposal;collection trucks;environmental monitoring;disposal practice;waste pickers;illegal dumping;informal sector;disposal system;disposal cost;landfill gas;transfer station;waste haulers;recycling programs;financial crisis;effective outreach;benchmarking survey;regulatory oversight;working condition;sanitary landfill;waste production;treatment facilities;packaging waste;organic compound;manufacturing sector;raw material;manufacturing production;sustainable financing;large generator;rural area;waste oil;consumption level;high penalty;monthly income;environmental practice;fee collection;waste collectors;Municipalities;small-scale enterprise;narrow road;employment benefit;operational practices;production cost;national production;monitoring well;ventilation system;bath water;natural beauty;seasonal fluctuation;landfill site;public confidence;private operator;comparative advantage;sustainable system;skilled staff;Capital Investments;municipal budget;living standard;treatment capacity;community life;protected area;social activities;behavioral trait;smaller towns;factory site;garbage production;subsidy cost;plastic waste;local skills;political interference;waste volume;price change;calorific value;tipping fees;disposal capacity;Change Program;private company;utilization technology;export competitiveness;safety fee;household sources;leachate treatment;volatile solid;Population Growth;environmental problem;environmental condition;landfill cover;flammable gas;personnel cost;regional city;resident population;operational procedure;waste separation;combustible waste;school bank;flood problem;local school;cleaning solvent;consumption pattern;electronic equipment;automotive repair;dry cleaners;composting plant;primary care;industrial activity;garbage collector;sale price;soil conditioner;petroleum industry;metal product;pollution prevention;production index;electronic industry;tourism activity;tourism activities;composting operations;food industry;animal part;public park;green area;tree crop;community level;sanitary disposal;financing mechanism;capacity constraint;municipal disposal;Durable goods;electrical product;high school;core service;grassroots participation;safe practice;investment cost;effective systems;exporting firms;regulatory regime;local expenditure;disposal regulation;commercial establishments;municipal treatment;protection agency;consumer spend;core infrastructure;cost efficiency;environmental risk;survey methodology;effective approach;environmental change;annual variations;current expenditure;water quality;industrial area;related taxes;restructuring plan;municipal collection;local ngo;Medical Insurance;local resident;municipal workers;sewerage system;metropolitan area;pension plan;job stability



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Thailand environment monitor 2003 (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.