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Labor laws in Eastern European and Central Asian countries : minimum norms and practices (English)

This study focuses on internationally accepted labor standards and norms governing the individual employment contract, including International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions and recommendations, European Union (EU) labor standards, and the European community social charter. The study also analyzes relevant provisions in the main labor law of each Eastern European and Central Asian (ECA) country associated with commencing or terminating employment and during the period of employment. References are made to relevant practices from EU15 countries. Overall, despite similar origin of country labor laws, the current set of labor regulations in the region provides a wide array of legal solutions. The minimum content of the employment contract in most ECA countries coincides, and goes beyond, the requirements of the labor standards even in the countries that are non-signatories of relevant treaties. Some of these entitlements, however, have the potential to adversely affect labor market participation.


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    Kuddo, Arvo

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    Working Paper (Numbered Series)

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    The World Region,

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    Labor laws in Eastern European and Central Asian countries : minimum norms and practices

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    worst forms of child labor convention;minimum age for admission to employment;Labor Law;terms and conditions of employment;small and medium size enterprise;technical assistance and advisory service;employment relationship;employment contract;basic rights of workers;active labor market program;Active Labor Market Policies;active labor market policy;State and Collective Farms;abolition of forced labor;labor legislation;minimum wage;employment protection legislation;labor market institution;labor market performance;contract for work;place of work;working time arrangement;Labor Market Flexibility;labor market outcome;forms of employment;impact on productivity;labor market condition;labor inspection service;social security system;future employment prospect;adaptability of workers;labor market participation;collective bargaining agreement;council of europe;standard of living;working age population;labor force participation;limited enforcement capacity;adjustment to shock;organization of work;termination of employment;productive employment opportunity;lifelong learning strategy;form of engagement;job placement service;total fertility rate;lack of resource;labor market failure;freedom of association;collective bargaining convention;prevention and education;payment in kind;equal remuneration convention;Rule of Law;part-time work arrangements;public employment service;labor force survey;financial service sector;cost of work;foreign direct investment;core worker rights;change of ownership;countries in transition;international market force;payment of remuneration;labor standard;trade union;transition country;transition countries;labor regulation;labor relation;informal sector;union density;Social Protection;tax purpose;legal right;informal employment;contractual arrangement;legislative act;Job Creation;labor inspector;contract termination;employment security;labor inspectorate;working condition;labor code;written contract;annual leave;part-time employment;relevant treaty;unemployment benefit;business environment;employment agreement;employment rate;older worker;total employment;micro enterprise;temporary contract;SME Indicator;minimum requirement;paternity leave;Transition economies;transition economy;unpaid leave;long-term unemployment;transition reform;national employment;employer having;international treaty;job protection;employed persons;advanced country;individual right;civil law;continuous service;labor bargaining;Tax Compliance;Wage Bill;informal business;public awareness;optimal choice;weak enforcement;social partner;firm level;buyer-supplier relationship;Employment Law;turnover rate;organizational structure;insufficient information;legislative restrictions;recreational facility;vulnerable group;bureaucratic barriers;work experience;Employment Issues;labor shortage;good cooperation;government data;monitoring compliance;equitable outcome;government oversight;international study;unfair treatment;adequate resources;central administration;short-term employment;social insurance;working day;legislative reform;community regulation;employment condition;temporary employment;socialist system;comparative analysis;subjective nature;work load;domestic law;electronic submission;legal ramification;young people;legal solution;part-time contract;adequate protection;bargaining position;weighted average;individual agreement;contractual provision;formal economy;social cohesion;supervisory body;national currency;overtime work;telecommunication technology;preschool institution;pensionable age;time limit;wage premium;planned economy;family leave;paid maternity;parental leave;human capital;working life;quality initial;optimal balance;workers' rights;contractual relationship;leave policy;high employment;participation rate;institutional framework;employment stability;job security;probationary period;weekly rest;unofficial economy;maternity leave;mandatory system;work ethic;procedural inconvenience;severance pay;special fund;wage earner;job loss



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Kuddo, Arvo

Labor laws in Eastern European and Central Asian countries : minimum norms and practices (English). Social Protection discussion paper ; no. SP 0920 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.