Skip to Main Navigation

Mining and the Quality of Public Services : The Role of Local Governance and Decentralization (English)

This paper investigates the local effects of mining on the quality of public services and on people's optimism about their future living conditions. It also assesses the mediating role of local institutions and local governments~^!!^ taxing rights in shaping the proximity-to-mine effects. The empirical framework connects more than 130,000 respondents from the Afrobarometer survey data (2005-2015) to their closest mines based on the geolocation coordinates of the enumeration areas (EA) and data on the mines and their respective status from the SNL Metals & Mining. The geo-referenced data are matched with new indicators on local governments~^!!^ taxing rights across the African continent. The results suggest that citizens living near an active mine are less likely to approve government performance in key public goods and services -- including health, job creation and improving living standards of the poor. On the mediating role of local governance and local taxing rights, the findings point to a negative effect of local corruption, yet a positive effect of local authorities’ discretion over tax and revenues. However, the positive marginal effect of local taxing powers tends to reduce in environments with poor quality of local governance, high incidence of bribe payment and low level of trust in local government officials. Residents of mining communities with low corruption and comparatively high-level of raising revenue ability have the highest rate of positive appraisal compared to the other scenarios.

Details

  • Author

    Konte,Maty, Vincent,Rose Camille

  • Document Date

    2020/09/08

  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

  • Report Number

    WPS9385

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Africa,

  • Region

    Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2020/09/08

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Mining and the Quality of Public Services : The Role of Local Governance and Decentralization

  • Keywords

    living standard; active mine; bribe payment; Public Services; Government Performance; Natural Resources; rent-seeking behaviour; natural resource endowment; access to public good; Job Creation; perception of corruption; public service delivery; living condition; Mining; natural resource rent; discretionary power; Public Goods; impact of mine; natural resource extraction; local government official; mining area; composite indicator; control of corruption; local government tax; incidence of corruption; measure of corruption; natural resource curse; standard error; individual assessment; enumeration area; education and health; corporate income tax; central government authority; quality of public; public opinion survey; local government institution; conflicts in africa; poor growth performance; allocation of investment; oil windfall; incidence conflict; Poverty & Inequality; human capital accumulation; public service provision; local economic activity; mining and development; local public official; sanitation to households; transfer of property; Local Government Finance; poverty reduction policy; personal income tax; health service provision; assignment of tax; country fixed effect; number of residents; industry and trade; effects of decentralization; local public good; local public service; future living standard; essential health services; presence of corruption; Sanitation Services; survey data; tax system; employment status; residential area; public affair; positive marginal; baseline model; mining activity; negative effect; local corruption; educational need; mining location; central authority; coefficient estimate; mining community; water; mining industry; fiscal arrangement; individual level; local taxing; marginal effect; national authority; local development; positive impact; tax assignment; cooking fuel; fiscal space

Downloads

COMPLETE REPORT

Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.

Citation

Konte,Maty Vincent,Rose Camille

Mining and the Quality of Public Services : The Role of Local Governance and Decentralization (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 9385 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/600381599579774028/Mining-and-the-Quality-of-Public-Services-The-Role-of-Local-Governance-and-Decentralization