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Study on gender and conflict in the Casamance, Senegal : summary of findings (English)

Senegal's Casamance region is the site of Africa's longest running conflict, one that has caused serious political disruptions and posed severe development challenges, in addition to taking an immense humanitarian toll. The region is home to various ethnicities, religions, cultures, and traditions; and related gender dynamics vary significantly. The objective is to: to examine the conflict in the Casamance region from a gender perspective; to develop a framework for understanding the associated issues, challenges, and opportunities; and to make recommendations on how to address identified gender-specific development issues. Qualitative data were collected through focus groups, semi-structured narrative interviews, expert interviews, and participatory observation. Young men are particularly affected by the lack of economic opportunities and their related inability to meet the traditional expectations associated with manhood, leaving them particularly susceptible to recruitment for illegal activities by criminal armed gangs. Women are not engaged in the conflict as combatants but do provide support through other means such as food, shelter, and moral and spiritual support. Women's neutrality in the conflict should be harnessed to promote their role as peace-builders.




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Study on gender and conflict in the Casamance, Senegal : summary of findings (English). Logica dissemination note no. ; 2 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.