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Beyond Unicorns : Harnessing Digital Technologies for Inclusion in Indonesia (Vol. 2) : Overview (English)

Similar to many other countries around the world, the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic has hit Indonesia hard. Latest estimates suggest that about 5.1 million people—equivalent to 2.4 percent of the working-age population—have lost their jobs, while an additional 24 million have had to work reduced hours due to the pandemic. As many as 50 percent of workers have experienced a reduction in earnings. The impact on living standards has been devastating, with more than 2.2 million Indonesians estimated to have been pushed into COVID-19-induced poverty in 2020. One unexpected silver lining from the crisis, however, has been the turbo-charged adoption of digital technologies. Businesses, both large and small, have flocked to digital technologies to try to ensure the continuity of their operations. School closures have forced students and teachers to adapt and explore digitally enabled remote learning options, including the adoption of a variety of EdTech solutions. HealthTech apps enabling remote consultations and the delivery of medicine have seen unprecedented growth in adoption rates. Confined at home due to mobility restrictions, Indonesians have switched to the internet for their entertainment and social needs, driving sharp growth in the usage of digital media (music and video streaming) and communications applications. With this pandemic-induced flight to digital expected to be permanent to a large extent, there is excitement about an even greater acceleration in what was already the fastest growing digital economy in Southeast Asia. But at the same time questions have also emerged about the possibility of the differential access to and adoption of digital technologies compounding existing inequalities. For a country that considers achieving balanced development one of its key priorities, this is an important new challenge.

Details

  • Author

    Tiwari,Sailesh, Ali,Rabia, Ariadharma,Erwin, Arsana,I Gede Putra, Bennis,Lamiaa, Beschorner,Natasha, Marskell,Jonathan Daniel, Purnamasari,Ririn Salwa, Ralston,Laura R., Al Rikabi,Jaffar, Sari,Virgi Agita, Setiawan,Imam, Suharnoko,Bambang, Suleiman,Muhammad Ajisatria, Wihardja,Maria Monica, Wibisana,Putu Sanjiwacika

  • Document Date

    2021/07/28

  • Document Type

    Report

  • Report Number

    162061

  • Volume No

    2

  • Total Volume(s)

    2

  • Country

    Indonesia,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2021/08/18

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Overview

  • Keywords

    Poverty and Equity; digital technology; information and communication technology; Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise; Technical and Vocational Education; access to the internet; digital economy; digital id; public switched telephone network; conditional cash transfer program; Massive Open Online Course; Information and Data Management; value-added tax; terms of poverty reduction; growth, finance & institutions; adult population; Broadband; delivery of service; internet connectivity; broadband penetration; personal income tax; per capita expenditure; rural access network; social assistance program; subscriber identification module; national logistic; million people; internet of things; add on; burden of disease; education and culture; logistics service provider; portfolio of services; international good practice; implementation of policies; public service delivery; private sector service; place of work; owners of capital; lack of competition; per capita consumption; education and gender; access to internet; last mile connectivity; internet access point; household and individual; redistribution of rents; nature of information; online transaction; Labor Market; digital dividend; living standard; digital skills; infrastructure sharing; draft law; social media; school closure; Social Protection; digital service; digital transformation; social life; tax policy; data system; digital medium; economic recovery; video streaming; binding constraint; financial service; digital media; digital government; silver lining; learning option; financial inclusion; medical facility; data privacy; informal worker; consumer protection; market power; price discrimination; Cyber Security; future learning; lower costs; digital television; analog television; price dispersion; retail market; Payments for Services; new technology; intended beneficiary; learning skill; broadband provider; consumer behavior; large portfolio; satellite tv; social registries; satellite broadcasting; efficiency gain; fiscal measure; personal data; essential services; investment growth; e-commerce penetration; income diversification; broadband infrastructure; base station; network coverage; mobile service; mobile device; poor household; average price; broadband service; consumer welfare; installation fee; effective leadership; social dimension; learning strategy; survey data; digital connectivity; best practice; network infrastructure; demographic group; income class; digital exclusion; government experiment; digital innovation; income gap; Online Learning; young adult; complementary input; operational risk; remedial measure; government service; payment scheme; registration process; post service; consumer trust; Health Service; poor hygiene; long-term investor; entry threshold; reform education; Continuous Learning; soft skills; social need; online purchase; accelerated adoption; behavioral change; working-age population; consumer good; consumer goods; domestic measures; management policy; tax base; Tax Administration; bank payment; low-skilled worker; independent oversight; physical presence; ITS Services; in poverty; social security; wage work; industrial revolution; government strategy; mobile money; policy priority; student support; value chain; modular approach; vocational student; tertiary institution; lifelong learning; sanitation practice; broadband data; preventive behaviors; hand sanitizer; digital future; business environment; digital channel; digital identification; restrictive trade; mobile telecommunication; balanced development; public health; Social Welfare; medical consultation; help child; household survey; electronic identity; state administration; branchless banking; mobile network; national population; mobility service; public dialogue; reducing inequality; active intervention; public official; food delivery; take stock; enforcement regime; administrative support; artificial intelligence

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Citation

Tiwari,Sailesh Ali,Rabia Ariadharma,Erwin Arsana,I Gede Putra Bennis,Lamiaa Beschorner,Natasha Marskell,Jonathan Daniel Purnamasari,Ririn Salwa Ralston,Laura R. Al Rikabi,Jaffar Sari,Virgi Agita Setiawan,Imam Suharnoko,Bambang Suleiman,Muhammad Ajisatria Wihardja,Maria Monica Wibisana,Putu Sanjiwacika

Beyond Unicorns : Harnessing Digital Technologies for Inclusion in Indonesia (Vol. 2) : Overview (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/611531627051206860/Overview