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The Buddhist Circuit : Strategy to Generate Economic and Job Opportunities for Local Communities - Job Creation and Women’s Participation in Tourism : Main Challenges and Entry Points for Action (English)

With inclusive economic growth, the authors seek to advance equitable opportunities for economically active populations by ensuring sustainable income opportunities and by reaching the most vulnerable segments of local communities. Local people in this research study are defined as those living within 15 km of the cultural heritage sites, in the urban and surrounding rural areas. A study in 2014 by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the International Labor Organization (ILO) confirms that tourism is a key job-generating sector with almost twice as many women employers as other sectors. And the tourism sector serves as an important entry point for those entering the labor market and those without opportunities in other sectors. In addition to creating opportunities for high-skilled workers, the industry plays a key role in creating opportunities for low-skilled workers, minorities, migrants, youth, the long-term unemployed, and women who prefer part-time work due to family responsibilities.


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    Fleisher,Seth, Yarcia,Damaris Lee, Nahar,Muhammed, Van Strien,Marjorie, Shakya,Deepa

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    South Asia,

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    South Asia,

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    The Buddhist Circuit : Strategy to Generate Economic and Job Opportunities for Local Communities - Job Creation and Women’s Participation in Tourism : Main Challenges and Entry Points for Action

  • Keywords

    World Travel and Tourism Council; purchase of goods and services; tourism value chain; youth; tourism sector; reserve bank of india; access to social security; average length of stay; access to financial service; binding constraint; lack of demand; access to finance; participation of woman; lack of transportation; lack of skill; lack of education; labor force participation; quality of supply; Local Economic Development; tour groups; research study; international trade relation; challenges for woman; potential tourist market; human capital endowment; global market opportunity; access to sanitation; average monthly wage; point of access; global value chain; civil society initiative; travel & tourism; incidence of poverty; flow of money; impact of tourism; sector social; control of resource; inclusive economic growth; number of tourists; cultural heritage site; arts and entertainment; category of enterprises; economically active population; sustainable income opportunity; opportunity for woman; access to job; tourism industry; tour operator; rural area; multiplier effect; local economy; cultural constraints; quality service; job opportunities; survey data; wage earner; young woman; urban employment; unemployed woman; social network; alternative livelihood; job opportunity; market segment; tour packages; secondary data; unemployed youth; marketing skills; young people; market access; youth population; statistical reports; gap analysis; gender disparity; tourist travel; theme park; package tour; craft production; souvenir shops; guiding services; government support; creating opportunity; Labor Market; Host Communities; vocational skill; shop owner; informal sector; Child care; tourist arrival; foreign client; high-value product; inclusive development; cultural drivers; action planning; road maintenance; Cash flow; gender lens; high fare; capital necessary; architectural style; interesting case; licensing processes; travel agency; international airport; taxi driver; air route; rail service; working condition; wage worker; cooperative arrangement; horizontal linkage; market demand; vertical linkage; field study; tax break; community interview; community participants; self-help group; international tourism; focus group; mobile device; multilateral agency; accommodation facility; target market; literature review; tourism infrastructure; tourism business; large population; facility maintenance; global tourism; capability building; local entrepreneur; business license; occupancy rate; geographic location; destination country; mass tourist; sample survey; statistical information; community interaction; community research; authentic experiences; transport service; supply side; work schedule; financial responsibility; water facility; trust relationship; basic infrastructure; Sexual Assault; social stigma; employment opportunity; market potential; employment opportunities; trade sector; common denominator; wage ratio; casual laborers; labor workers; sensitive policies; youth unemployment; traditional products; skill development; flexible schedule; Social Protection; urban workforce; job security; educated woman; Informal Jobs; restaurant owners; hospitality sector; domestic servant; work ethic; work experience; total employment; employment generation; business model; international visitor; international tourist; large business; enterprise operation; business enterprise; business ownership; tourism scenario; skilled labor; enterprise management; repair service; woman entrepreneur; self-employed individual; tourist demand; local guides; entrepreneurial activity; informal employment; local market; female workers; high spending; heritage destination; male population; government post; market analysis; market system; tour operation; labor productivity; regular worker; trade product; archaeological site; local population; inclusive growth; educated youth; early age; rural males; urban woman; spiritual value; local participation; severely limits



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Fleisher,Seth Yarcia,Damaris Lee Nahar,Muhammed Van Strien,Marjorie Shakya,Deepa

The Buddhist Circuit : Strategy to Generate Economic and Job Opportunities for Local Communities - Job Creation and Women’s Participation in Tourism : Main Challenges and Entry Points for Action (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.