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Rapid Assessment of Natural Resources Degradation in Areas Impacted by the South Sudan Refugee Influx in Northern Uganda (English)

The ongoing refugee crisis in South Sudan has led to the establishment of some of the world's largest refugee settlements over the border in northern Uganda. Uganda is currently hosting over 1.3 million refugees making it the largest refugee host country in Africa. The inflow of refugees is reported to have exacerbated a range of ongoing environmental impacts and associated challenges, including land degradation and woodland loss, resulting in inadequate access to energy for cooking and competition with local people for water and other natural resources. Supporting more sustainable use of those resources, especially forests and other woodlands, could help address environmental degradation and improve energy access. The World Bank commissioned the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to undertake a rapid assessment of natural resource degradation around the refugee settlements in northern Uganda, with a focus on forest resources, and to identify possible interventions to mitigate pressure on the environment and support energy access for both the refugee and host communities. A Technical Report summarizing the findings and recommendations of the assessment was published in October 2018. This updated version was produced in June 2019 to reflect a downwards revision in the refugee population that took place after a countrywide validation exercise. It supersedes the previous report.


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    World Bank FAO

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    Working Paper

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    Rapid Assessment of Natural Resources Degradation in Areas Impacted by the South Sudan Refugee Influx in Northern Uganda

  • Keywords

    Host Communities; rapid assessment; energy-saving measure; energy saving measure; refugee settlement; income-earning activities; Rehabilitation of Degraded Forest; Food and Nutrition Security; primary source of energy; national development plan; global forest; Management of Natural Resources; Environmental and Social Impact; sustainable supply of energy; efficient use of energy; Fragility, Conflict, and Violence; fuel-saving technology; data collection and analysis; global forest resource assessment; results-based financing; refugee household; Energy & Environment; buffer zone; refugee population; sustainable forest management; land cover change; costs of rehabilitation; Access to Energy; time series analysis; land cover type; tree cover; natural resource depletion; Environment & Energy; energy efficiency enhancement; average daily consumption; forest resource management; annual production capacity; national household survey; establishment and maintenance; natural resource degradation; participatory forest management; land cover map; forestry management plans; transfer of knowledge; duration of stay; tropical dry forest; influx of refugees; promotion of entrepreneurship; local capacity building; digital elevation model; rate of degradation; land and water; vegetation cover change; ensuring food security; use plant; water user committees; local government structure; impact of refugees; sustainable land management; source income; degradation of land; land cover classification; number of infants; costs of investment; demand for wood; households with income; earth observation data; senior operations; source of income; land use plan; management of forest; impact of fire; freedom of movement; impact of weeds; Natural Resource Management; loss of biomass; sale of food; land for plantation; land tenure regimes; development of forest; lack of food; cost of provision; quantity of fuel; children miss school; number of refugees; production of heat; degradation of soil; source of fuel; income generation activities; sustainable livelihood opportunity; refugee community; agroforestry system; biomass stock; remote sensing; biomass loss; tree planting



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World Bank FAO

Rapid Assessment of Natural Resources Degradation in Areas Impacted by the South Sudan Refugee Influx in Northern Uganda (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.