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China - Water Conservation Project (English)

Ratings for the Water Conservation Project in China were as follows: outcomes were highly satisfactory, the risk to development outcome was moderate, the Bank performance was satisfactory, and the Borrower performance was highly satisfactory. Lessons learned included: 1) Where the correct responses to water stress are not evident, a demonstration project linked to decision making about broader policy and investment is a powerful approach. It is recommended that, where the institutional conditions are right, innovations in water resource management should be tested through a demonstration project, and then scaled up; 2) A comprehensive approach giving priority to farmer incentives can increase farmer incomes and reduce water consumption; 3) The success of water users association (WUAs) stems, in part, from the clear establishment principles adopted: democratic self organized Associations based on hydraulic boundaries, measuring and charging for water on a volumetric basis. Other factors in success were: (a) flexibility in approach and adaptation to local social, economic and political conditions; (b) the inclusion of farmers from the very start in sub-project design, so that the Associations grew as the sub-project developed; (c) the transfer to the Associations of real control and responsibility over water structures; (d) the incentive framework, with farmers in Associations seeing their incomes rise significantly faster; and (e) the commitment and enthusiasm of both the Ministry of Water Resources and local government; 4) The approach targeting reduction in consumptive water use and based on evapo-transpiration can be a powerful instrument for water management in conditions of extreme water stress.


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Implementation Completion and Results Report

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  • Country


  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

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  • Doc Name

    China - Water Conservation Project

  • Keywords

    Natural Resources;Economic Internal Rate of Return;Sustainable Land and Water Management;financial internal rate of return;management of water resource;beneficial use of water;household per capita income;economic and financial analysis;monitoring and evaluation system;general public administration sector;water resources and irrigation;cubic meter of water;project monitoring and evaluation;Operational Core Curriculum;allocation of water right;consumptive water use;net present value;irrigation and drainage;central government program;number of beneficiaries;demand for water;agriculture and forestry;quality at entry;control of groundwater;rural living standard;local government policy;sustainable groundwater management;Water Resource Management;degree of mechanization;public interest objective;water scarce country;intermediate outcome;household survey instrument;cash crop production;average water charge;investment in water;water scarce area;official poverty line;water management community;scarce water resource;implications for policy;control over groundwater;social and environmental;improve water resource;community at large;Resettlement Policy Framework;sound economic management;outputs by components;high-value agricultural product;water user association;amount of water;high water charges;river basin management;urban development plan;availability of water;groundwater management plan;consumption of water;ex post evaluation;quality assurance group;river basin level;Urban Water Supply;farmer income;



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China - Water Conservation Project (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.