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Understanding the Gender Gap in ID : Key Research Findings and Policy Lessons from Nigeria - Evidence Note (English)

The World Bank Group’s identification for development (ID4D) initiative estimates that 1 billion people are without an officially recognized means of ID - of these, the majority are women. ID4D undertook an in-depth qualitative study in Nigeria to build global knowledge on women and marginalized groups’ access to and use of IDs, and to inform the country’s Digital ID4D Project. This study draws on data from focus groups discussions and interviews with over 1,500 Nigerian participants that explored gender-based barriers in obtaining the national ID and the intersectionality of issues faced by women and persons with disabilities, internally displaced persons (IDPs), and pastoralists. A systematic analysis of this data reveals that universal issues which make it difficult for many Nigerians to register under the current system are compounded by gender-specific barriers and other barriers faced by marginalized groups. The study synthesizes solutions suggested by communities along with international good practices to provide evidence-based recommendations on how to improve access to ID for women and the public more broadly. This note provides a summary of the study and the insights.


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    Hanmer,Lucia C., Esquivel-Korsiak,Victoria, Pande,Rohini P.

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    Working Paper

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    Africa West,

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    Understanding the Gender Gap in ID : Key Research Findings and Policy Lessons from Nigeria - Evidence Note

  • Keywords

    person with disability; marginalized group; gender gap in access; national health insurance scheme; access to basic service; Identification for Development; barriers for woman; cost of transport; proof of identity; lack of awareness; word of mouth; risk of exclusion; women with disability; international good practice; inclusion of women; community solution; case of failure; urban local government; barrier to woman; place of origin; cost of travel; form of corruption; perceptions of woman; staff id; displacement and resettlement; grievance redress mechanism; communities in nigeria; billion people; access to information; awareness raising campaign; closing gender gap; european investment bank; concerns about corruption; exclusion from society; service access point; Internally Displaced Person; million people; ID Systems; young woman; raise awareness; social status; social media; id number; transport cost; necessary support; global knowledge; digital identification; registration information; other barriers; registration process; public space; focus group; religious norms; small children; qualitative study; informant interviews; communications channel; Elderly People; ecosystem model; time constraint; older woman; registration campaign; language barrier; married girl; vulnerable people; limited literacy; eligibility criterion; qualitative research; inclusive growth; household level; rural area; personal documents; female respondent; elderly woman; informed consent; traditional leaders; accurate information; national border; time of conflict; rural residence; gender norm; domestic work; birth registration; primary data; political difference; respondents felt; young people; knowledge gap; legal residents; Learning and Innovation Credit; community level; international passport; birth certificate; restricted mobility; Child care; government staff; multiple channels; information campaign; recent years; poor household; Thought Leadership; ethnic group; digital development; national identity; research assistance; gender-specific barrier; systematic analysis; Social Protection; financial inclusion; enrollment system; muslim woman; education level; language group; civil registration; identity documents; able-bodied people; minority group; female enrollment; pregnant woman; management policy; culturally sensitive; performance management; Global Gender; gap index; low trust; Public Services; large population



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Hanmer,Lucia C. Esquivel-Korsiak,Victoria Pande,Rohini P.

Understanding the Gender Gap in ID : Key Research Findings and Policy Lessons from Nigeria - Evidence Note (English). Identification for Development Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.