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China - Second Xinjiang Highway Project : environmental impact assessment (Vol. 5) (English)

This report presents an environmental assessment of the Second Xinjiang Highway Project, currently under construction in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. The 273km extension of the highway is intended to aid in strengthening the capacity for the exchange of goods and in promoting further economic development in the region. The project has impacts of varying degrees on many aspects of the physical, ecological and social environments within the region, as well as on the standard of living of the resident population. Identified as having the worst potential impact on the environment as a result of the construction is the increased level of noise. The functionality of farmland irrigation systems, cultivation of crops, and productivity of husbandry follow in expected severity of consequences suffered. In addition, inhabitants of the region will have to be resettled. To a lesser degree, public health, air quality, surface water quality, the safety of wild animals and the sanctity of forests will be at risk. There also exists the possibility of erosion of the soil, leakage of hazardous substances into the ground, and damage to cultural and historic relics. Overall land quality and rare animal species, however, are expected to experience no negative consequences and tourism, industry and the social economy are projected to benefit greatly from the completion of the project. An environmental management plan (EMP) has been developed to combat the potential environmental effects of the project. The EMP recommends as measures of mitigation that the project avoid the following: disturbing existing and planned infrastructures, constructing through areas with sensitive hydrogeologic conditions, cutting irrigation networks, occupying farmland, resettling inhabitants, and disturbing cultural relics and historic sites.

Details

  • Author

    Research Academy of Environmental Science, PRC Xinjiang Communications Department

  • Document Date

    1995/11/30

  • Document Type

    Environmental Assessment

  • Report Number

    E140

  • Volume No

    5

  • Total Volume(s)

    6

  • Country

    China,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Doc Name

    China - Second Xinjiang Highway Project : environmental impact assessment

  • Keywords

    management regulation;farm land;Land Acquisition and Resettlement;average income per capita;total number of people;law and regulation;compensation for land;land occupation;amount of land;average yield;procedures for appeal;cost of resettlement;compensation for loss;average monthly income;compensation payment;power supply;acquisition of land;construction of highway;resettlement action plan;living standard;noise pollution;external monitoring;compensation rate;resettlement compensation;floor area;internal monitoring;grievance redressal;civil works;forest land;contract agreement;land compensation;wood house;flood land;cultivated land;land area;resettlement plan;civil court;construction detour;Production Development;contingency fee;labour force;connecting road;resettlement scheme;water tower;transitional period;highway engineering;highway right;transition period;agricultural production;young trees;construction schedule;settlement period;appeal mechanisms;construction period;commencement date;written agreement;construction material;land use;resettlement implementation;crop stand;preferential policies;environmental evaluation;field investigation;loss compensation;inflation rate;property loss;state council;industrial structure;drainage work;water conservancy;farm area;adequate consideration;resettlement process;fruit tree;appraisal mission;construction activities;land redistribution;project impact;affected population;resettlement policy;explanatory note;social scientist;continuous process;highway construction;power structure;affected townships;project costing;constructing houses;travel expenses;civil engineering;transitional arrangement;concrete slab;state law;land utilization;

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Citation

Research Academy of Environmental Science, PRC Xinjiang Communications Department

China - Second Xinjiang Highway Project : environmental impact assessment (Vol. 5) (English). World Development Sources, WDS 1997-2 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/637361468769295699/China-Second-Xinjiang-Highway-Project-environmental-impact-assessment