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Poverty and inclusion in Haiti : social gains at timid pace (English)

Haiti is one of the largest and most densely populated nations in the Caribbean, as well as one of the richest in both challenges and opportunities. Poverty is widespread in Haiti; in 2012, the overall poverty headcount was 58.7 percent, and the extreme poverty rate was 23.9 percent. In Haiti, 60 percent of households are considered multi dimensionally poor in that they lack access to at least three of seven basic components of welfare (education, improved sanitation, clean water, reliable energy, housing constructed with nonhazardous materials, and food security). The first decade of the 21th century was fraught with significant economic, political, and natural shocks in Haiti, which had important impacts on well-being. Participation in the nonfarm sector is key to emerging from poverty in rural Haiti. External financial flows, including remittances and international aid, have also contributed to the decline in poverty. In conclusion, the levels of poverty, vulnerability, and inequality are substantial in Haiti, and more sustainable drivers are needed to reduce these levels.

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Poverty and inclusion in Haiti : social gains at timid pace (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/643771468257721618/Poverty-and-inclusion-in-Haiti-social-gains-at-timid-pace