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Bilateral Arrangement of Temporary Labor Migration : Lessons from Korea’s Employment Permit System - Policy Brief (English)

Despite a moral argument for the need to embrace refugees and other migrants fleeing dire conditions of war, conflict, violence, oppression, and extreme poverty, large influxes of migrants tend to reinforce alarmists’ calls against labor mobility. In this context, the importance of policies to promote the mutual benefits of both sending and receiving nations (that is, co-development) through labor mobility - facilitated by well managed and controlled migration systems - is increasingly recognized. The report outlined in this policy brief recognizes this wide spectrum of migration-related issues and sets them in a clear framework focused on three separate policy objectives: control, co-development, and co-existence. Policies that support control (for example, building walls to prevent illegal entry into a country) should not be mixed with efforts to promote co-existence (for example., measures to provide new migrants with pathways to becoming active members of society, with access to key benefits that will further their productivity). The policy brief highlights the opportunity for bilateral arrangements to support co-development and describes a range of options. The report presents multiple features of the system that can be applied in other contexts, while underscoring Korea’s efforts to strengthen the system and manage the political economy over time.

Details

  • Author

    Cho,Yoonyoung, Denisova,Anastasiya, Yi,Soonhwa, Khadka,Upasana

  • Document Date

    2018/09/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    130024

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Korea, Republic of

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2018/09/20

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Bilateral Arrangement of Temporary Labor Migration : Lessons from Korea’s Employment Permit System - Policy Brief

  • Keywords

    small and medium enterprise; investment need; number of migrant workers; temporary labor migration; bilateral labor agreements; guest worker programs; human rights concern; international labor mobility; number of workers; flow of worker; private sector player; free labor mobility; information on migration; private recruitment agencies; cost of migration; labor market condition; costs of recruitment; comments and feedback; country of destination; voluntary departure program; temporary labor program; private insurance market; cost of labor; private sector activity; conditions of war; risk of abuse; statistics and information; integration of migrant; privileges and immunity; country of residence; employer having; country of birth; national health insurance; protection can; migration costs; receiving countries; permit system; labor shortage; worker protection; Political Economy; home countries; home country; domestic worker; line item; language proficiency; soft skills; migration process; Job Matching; minimum wage; repatriation cost; social cohesion; korean language; domestic labor; labor regulation; mutual benefits; bilateral arrangement; temporary migrant; Migration Policies; Temporary Migration; social support; social insurance; international migrant; bilateral agreement; labor migrants; anecdotal evidence; subsequent years; seasonal worker; counseling center; manufacturing sector; loan product; skill development; workers' rights; private recruiters; worker training; annual quota; job center; effective approach; adequate protection; mandatory training; job placement; arabic language; daily living; employment source; low-skilled worker; Higher Education; exchange rate; global recession; Exchange Rates; employer demand; young male; remote area; average age; pilot initiatives; female workers; fishery sector; chemical manufacturing; light manufacturing; government support; market failure; limited information; worker increase; homogeneous society; labor strategy; Immigration policy; orientation course; regular monitoring; job offer; elderly care; migrant inflow; private intermediary; mitigation strategy; Single Window; trade union; lower-income household; informed choice; contract violations; job separation; worker productivity; migration flow; diaspora network; weak enforcement; workplace condition; effective governance; productivity level; intellectual capability; screening tool; prospective migrants; visa status; guarantee insurance; important policy; permanent residency; cheaper alternative; Social Protection; employer abuse; semi-skilled worker; undocumented workers; Capital Investments; foreign labor; vulnerable segment; migration landscape; rising demand; language skill; enforcement measures; public perception; social analysis; developmental impact; native language; legal wage; market wage; turnover rate; financial exploitation; significant challenge; labor right; penalty fee; original work; employment opportunity; voluntary migrants; moral argument; refugee immigrant; legal aspect; migration inflows; illegal activities; illegal migration; human traffic; illegal entry; migratory flows; research network; employment opportunities; migration issues; migration system; Violent Conflict; government action; wage differential; sole responsibility; rich economy; research assistance; richer countries; migratory movement; increased trade; copyright owner; family reunification; migrant flow; commercial purpose; extreme poverty; global development

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Citation

Cho,Yoonyoung Denisova,Anastasiya Yi,Soonhwa Khadka,Upasana

Bilateral Arrangement of Temporary Labor Migration : Lessons from Korea’s Employment Permit System - Policy Brief (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/645571537423013613/Bilateral-Arrangement-of-Temporary-Labor-Migration-Lessons-from-Korea-s-Employment-Permit-System-Policy-Brief