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Bilateral Arrangement of Temporary Labor Migration : Lessons from Korea’s Employment Permit System - Policy Brief (English)

Despite a moral argument for the need to embrace refugees and other migrants fleeing dire conditions of war, conflict, violence, oppression, and extreme poverty, large influxes of migrants tend to reinforce alarmists’ calls against labor mobility. In this context, the importance of policies to promote the mutual benefits of both sending and receiving nations (that is, co-development) through labor mobility - facilitated by well managed and controlled migration systems - is increasingly recognized. The report outlined in this policy brief recognizes this wide spectrum of migration-related issues and sets them in a clear framework focused on three separate policy objectives: control, co-development, and co-existence. Policies that support control (for example, building walls to prevent illegal entry into a country) should not be mixed with efforts to promote co-existence (for example., measures to provide new migrants with pathways to becoming active members of society, with access to key benefits that will further their productivity). The policy brief highlights the opportunity for bilateral arrangements to support co-development and describes a range of options. The report presents multiple features of the system that can be applied in other contexts, while underscoring Korea’s efforts to strengthen the system and manage the political economy over time.


  • Author

    Cho,Yoonyoung, Denisova,Anastasiya, Yi,Soonhwa, Khadka,Upasana

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country

    Korea, Republic of

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

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  • Doc Name

    Bilateral Arrangement of Temporary Labor Migration : Lessons from Korea’s Employment Permit System - Policy Brief

  • Keywords

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Cho,Yoonyoung Denisova,Anastasiya Yi,Soonhwa Khadka,Upasana

Bilateral Arrangement of Temporary Labor Migration : Lessons from Korea’s Employment Permit System - Policy Brief (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.